Lutembacher syndrome is characterized by a congenital ostium secundum atrial septal defect and an acquired mitral valve stenosis.
Keywords: Atrial Septal Defect, Lutembacher Syndrome, Mitral stenosis, Transthoracic Echocardiography
Lutembacher Syndrome (LS) is a rare cardiac clinical entity comprising of an unusual combination of atrial septal defect (ASD) and acquired Mitral valve stenosis (usually of the rheumatic nature).1 LS is an infrequent disorder with a prevalence of 0.001 million per population, mostly occurring in females.2,3 The clinical presentation and prognosis of the disease varies depending on a multitude of factors; the most important one being the size of the defect while other factors include severity of stenosis and compliance of the right ventricle.
On the basis of the above investigations, a diagnosis of Lutembacher's syndrome was made.
A rare clinical entity, Lutembacher's syndrome is a combination of mitral stenosis and atrial septal defect.
of Cases Percentage Congenital heart disease 10 22.2 Multivalvular heart disease 32 71.2 HOCM 1 2.2 PPCM 1 2.2 Lutembacher
's syndrome 1 2.2 Total 45 100 Among congenital heart disease ASD closure done for 4 patients, VSD closure done for 2 patients, 2 patients underwent mitral valve replacement in pre-pregnant period.
In 1918, Lutembacher
published what is considered the first report of cystic lung disease occurring in association with TSC in a 36-year-old woman with bilateral pneumothoraces who died.
INTRODUCTION: Lutembacher's syndrome refers to a congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) complicated by acquired mitral stenosis (MS).
Figure 3: Transthoracic echocardiogram of patient of Lutembacher's syndrome showing thickened mitral leaflets.
Figure 4: Transthoracic echocardiogram color Doppler of patient of Lutembacher's syndrome showing flow from left atrium to right atrium through atrial septal defect.
Figure 5: Transthoracic echocardiogram color Doppler of patient of Lutembacher's syndrome showing moderate to severe tricuspid regurgitation.
Figure 6: Transthoracic echocardiogram color Doppler of patient of Lutembacher's syndrome showing tricuspid regurgitation velocity.