adenoid

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adenoid

 [ad´ĕ-noid]
1. pharyngeal tonsil.
2. pertaining to the pharyngeal tonsils or to hypertrophy of them.
3. resembling a gland.
4. (in the plural) hypertrophy of the pharyngeal tonsils, usually seen in children; adenoids may cause obstruction of the outlet from the nose so that the child breathes chiefly through the mouth, or the eustachian tube may be blocked, with pain in the ear or a sense of pressure resulting. It also may prepare the way for infections of the middle ear and occasionally interferes with hearing. Prolonged obstruction by enlarged adenoids produces a typical adenoid facies. The child appears to be dull and apathetic, and has some degree of nutritional deficiency and hearing loss, and some delay in growth and development. Surgical excision of the enlarged tissue is called adenoidectomy.
Adenoids.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ad·e·noid

(ad'ĕ-noyd), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation adnoid.
1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance. Synonym(s): adeniform
2. Epithelial and lymphatic unencapsulated structure located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx. It undergoes absolute and relative enlargement during childhood and regresses during puberty. Inflammatory and physiologic enlargement is associated with otitis media, nasal obstruction, sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea.
[adeno- + G. eidos, appearance]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

adenoid

(ăd′n-oid′)
n.
One of two masses of lymphoid tissue located at the back of the nose in the upper part of the throat that may obstruct normal breathing and make speech difficult when swollen.
adj.
Of or relating to lymphatic glands or lymphoid tissue; lymphoid.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

adenoid

adjective
(1) Gland-like.
(2) Relating to the adenoids.

noun Nasopharyngeal tonsil, pharyngeal tonsil; a mass of lymphoid tissue located at the posterior aspect of the soft palate.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

adenoid

adjective
1. Gland-like.
2. Relating to the adenoids noun See Adenoids.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ad·e·noid

(ad'ĕ-noyd)
1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance.
Synonym(s): adeniform, lymphoid (2) .
2. See: adenoids
[G. adeno-, gland + G. eidos, appearance]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

adenoid

1. Gland-like.
2. One of the ADENOIDS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

adenoid

an enlarged mass of lymphoid tissue at the back of the pharynx, which may obstruct breathing. It occurs most commonly in children.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Adenoid

A collection of lymph tissue located in the nasopharynx.
Mentioned in: Otitis Media
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ad·e·noid

(ad'ĕ-noyd) Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation adnoid.
1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance.
2. Epithelial and lymphatic unencapsulated structure located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx; enlargement is associated with otitis media, nasal obstruction, sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea.
Synonym(s): tonsilla pharyngealis.
[G. adeno-, gland + G. eidos, appearance]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about adenoid

Q. When should the tonsils and/or adenoids should be removed?

A. Currently the tonsillectomy is recommended in the presence of 6 episodes of throat infection (Group A strep pharyngitis) in one year or 3-4 episodes in each of 2years. Adenoidectomy may be recommended when tympanostomy tube surgery (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tympanostomy_tube) failed to prevent ear infection.

Another thing to consider is the presence of oral breathing - the constant use of the mouth for breathing in small children may lead to malformation of the facial bones that would necessitate more extensive surgeries later in life.

More discussions about adenoid
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