lungs


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to lungs: lung cancer

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  

lungs

The paired, air-filled, elastic, spongy organs occupying each side of the chest and separated by the heart and the central partition of the chest known as the mediastinum. Each lung is surrounded by a double-layered membrane called the PLEURA. The function of the lungs is continuously to replenish the oxygen content of the blood and to afford an exit path from the blood for carbon dioxide and other unwanted gases. The right lung has three lobes and the left two. An air tube (BRONCHUS) and a large artery and vein enter each lung on its inner aspect and these branch repeatedly as they pass peripherally. The smallest air passages end in grape-like clusters of air sacs, the alveoli, the walls of which are very thin and contain the terminal branches of the blood vessels. In this way the air comes into intimate contact with the blood so that interchange of gases can readily occur.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common type of lung cancer, adenocarcinoma tends to originate along the outer edges of the lungs in the small bronchi or smaller bronchioles.
But the United Network for Organ Sharing, which began applying the lung allocation score to donor lungs in the United States in May 2005, is aware of the bias and plans to fix it, Dr.
Some diagnosis test are performed by doctors to detect the lung cancer includes diagnostic imaging test like X-ray, MRI, Ultrasound, CT scan and PET scan, also by checking the mucous when the patient cough up for cancer cells which is called as sputum cytology or also by taking the cells of your lungs from abnormal growth area of your lung or from the fluid of lungs which is called as fine needle aspiration biopsy, bronchoscopy and Mediastinoscopy.
Doctors said the forceful screaming caused a pressure that forced air from her respiratory tract into multiple pockets outside her lungs.A
One problem of transporting donor lungs is the availability of commercial flights for transportation to Wuxi and also the road traffic; there have been stories of missed flights and blocked emergency road lanes, causing delays in transplanting lungs where time is of the essence.
Experts are calling for the introduction of a nationwide screening programme with the results of a recent study suggesting such an initiative could reduce deaths from lung cancer by up to 61 per cent (International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 2018; De Koning H, et al., 2018.
Although your lungs are extremely resilient organs, it's important you protect your lungs from environmental factors, as there are a number of chronic diseases that can result from exposure to particulate matter and pollution.
EVERY year, more Filipinos are dying of lung cancer.
are awaiting a lung transplant, but according to a recent article from Science Alert, we may be getting closer to lung source other than donors.
M2 EQUITYBITES-August 2, 2018-Mallinckrodt begins proof-of-concept study of nitric oxide gas in perfused ex-vivo lungs of human lung transplants
Global Banking News-August 2, 2018-Mallinckrodt begins proof-of-concept study of nitric oxide gas in perfused ex-vivo lungs of human lung transplants
M2 PHARMA-August 2, 2018-Mallinckrodt begins proof-of-concept study of nitric oxide gas in perfused ex-vivo lungs of human lung transplants