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Chemical substances present in certain luminous organisms that, when acted on by luciferases, produce bioluminescence.
[L. lux, light + fero. to bear]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Such complex is formed between the apoprotein and an oxygenated marine luciferin (2-hydroxyperoxycoelenterazine).
Given this efficient production of electronically singlet excited state products, relative nontoxicity of luciferin compounds, and the relatively simple chemistry of these systems, among other beneficial characteristics (as sensitivity and sensibility), several chemi-/bioluminescent systems have gained numerous biomedical, pharmaceutical, and bioanalytical applications.
"It was established that the luciferin precursor is also present in non-luminous forest fungi, and more importantly it is about 100 times more abundant than in the biomass of luminous species.
The Russian team discovered that bioluminescent mushrooms employ a different type of luciferin from the eight other classes that are known to be used by animals and microbes.
macrocephala, Haddock and Case (1994) found that light was produced by a luciferin-luciferase reaction, and that the luciferin involved was coelenterazine, the light-emitting substrate used by at least nine phyla of marine organisms (Haddock et al., 2010).
Luciferin phosphate or luciferin galactoside are used as substrates, respectively (12).