Freud

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Freud

 [froid]
Sigmund (1856–1939). Clinical neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Freiberg in Moravia, and educated at the University of Vienna, he studied in Paris in 1885 under the neurologist J. M. Charcot, who encouraged him to investigate hysteria from a psychologic point of view. Freud stressed the existence of an unconscious that exerts a dynamic influence on consciousness, and was led to develop his method of “free association” in order to discover these buried memories. He emphasized the role of sexuality in the development of neurotic conditions, and published Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), and many more works. He was also director of the International Journal of Psychology. After fleeing the Nazi regime in Vienna in 1938, he died in London.

Freud

(froyd),
Sigmund, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1856-1939, founder of psychoanalysis. See: freudian, freudian fixation, freudian psychoanalysis, freudian slip, Freud theory.

Freud, Sigmund

[froid]
Etymology: Austrian neurologist, 1856-1939
founder of a complex integrated theory of psychological causes of mental disorders, some, such as hysteria, with physical symptoms. Among tenets of freudian theory are that human beings are motivated by a pleasure principle; receive internal stimulation from a sex instinct and a death instinct; have personality structures that can be divided into ego, superego, and id; and have unconscious, preconscious, and conscious levels of mental activity. See also freudian, freudian fixation, freudianism.
References in periodicals archive ?
An admiring letter to company cofounder Lincoln Kirstein from Martha Graham, for instance, faces a glowering, unfinished portrait of Kirstein, begun by Lucian Freud.
It's a PS500,000 question: is this painting of a man in a black cravat a genuine Lucian Freud - or a worthless fake?
Supermodel Kate Moss chose the late artist Lucian Freud as her #MYMODELCITIZEN, submitting a candid image of her holding a much-treasured photograph in bed with Lucian.
A 19th century masterpiece that hung in the home of the late artist Lucian Freud has been donated to the National Gallery by his family.
London, July 22 (ANI): British painter Lucian Freud who gained fame for his intense and deeply textural nude paintings died in his London home on Wednesday after unstipulated illness.
Summary: The auction record for a work by British artist Stanley Spencer has fallen twice in one sale at Sotheby's, while a Lucian Freud picture on paper also set a new high.
A PAINTING by Lucian Freud hailed as the "turning point" in his career is set to be sold for more than pounds 3.
BIG name artists including Lucian Freud, Francis Bacon and David Hockney are brought together in Warwickshire exhibition School Of London.
Sculptures, ceramics, paintings and prints are by artists including Henry Moore, Lucian Freud and Andy Goldsworthy.
THE Lucian Freud painting, Self Portrait With A Black Eye, that sold for pounds 2.
If, as his grandfather Sigmund Freud stated, "one of the principal functions of our thinking [is] to master the material of the external world psychically," then Lucian Freud seems obsessed with doing so materially.