Pasteur, Louis

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Pasteur, Louis

(pas-tŭr′ -tör′)
[Fr. chemist and bacteriologist, 1822–1895]
Fr. chemist and bacteriologist, 1822–1895. He was the founder of microbiology. He also developed the technique of eliminating bacteria from food products and produced the first vaccines.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Pasteur, Louis

(1822–95) French bacteriologist who was effectively the founder of microbiology as a science. He put forward the theory that disease was caused by microorganisms and established that SPONTANEOUS GENERATION does not occur. He established that inoculation with attenuated forms (see ATTENUATION of microorganisms provided immunization against virulent forms, and showed that rabies was caused by microscopic agents which could not be seen, so leading to the discovery of viruses. He introduced heat treatment to destroy microorganisms in perishable products such as milk (see PASTEURIZATION).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
When they left the tomb, they asked their cab driver to drop them at the tomb of Louis Pasteur, the French chemist and bacteriologist who created a vaccine against rabies and is credited with discovering, among other things, the causes of childbirth fever and how the fermentation process works.
In 1858, Louis Pasteur announced that it killed bacteria.
1885: Louis Pasteur administered his first |successful treatment with an anti-rabies vaccine.
Together, they are delivering day-long sessions for Year 8 and 9 pupils exploring the life and work of 19th Century French chemist and microbiologist, Louis Pasteur.
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Monsieur Louis Pasteur was born at Dole, Jura, December 27, 1822, and took the degree of doctor in 1847.
The volume devotes about a quarter of its text to this last section, providing brief biographies of figures such as Charles Darwin, James Watson, Louis Pasteur, Maxine Singer, Gregor Mendel, Alec Jeffreys, and many others.
This outstanding series of 23 minute DVDs begins with "A History of Invention" and "Inventing in Today's World", and then continues with the stories of Alexander Graham Bell, George Washington Carver, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Benjamin Franklin, Louis Pasteur, James Watt, Eli Whitney, and the Wright Brothers.
Louis Pasteur's 1860 demonstration that spoilage is caused by microorganisms also contributed to scientists' understanding of digestion.
5th Louis Pasteur Conference on Infectious Diseases Paris, France Abstract submission deadline: September 2, 2004
JeanClaude Libeer, Institute of Public Health Louis Pasteur, Brussels, Belgium, phone 32-2-642-5527, fax 32-2642-5645, e-mail jean-claude.libeer@ iph.fgov.be; or Dr.