Pasteur, Louis

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Related to Louis Pasteur: pasteurization, Robert Koch, Alexander Fleming

Pasteur, Louis

(pas-tŭr′ -tör′)
[Fr. chemist and bacteriologist, 1822–1895]
Fr. chemist and bacteriologist, 1822–1895. He was the founder of microbiology. He also developed the technique of eliminating bacteria from food products and produced the first vaccines.

Pasteur, Louis

(1822–95) French bacteriologist who was effectively the founder of microbiology as a science. He put forward the theory that disease was caused by microorganisms and established that SPONTANEOUS GENERATION does not occur. He established that inoculation with attenuated forms (see ATTENUATION of microorganisms provided immunization against virulent forms, and showed that rabies was caused by microscopic agents which could not be seen, so leading to the discovery of viruses. He introduced heat treatment to destroy microorganisms in perishable products such as milk (see PASTEURIZATION).

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
When they asked his name, they discovered the old man was Joseph Meister, who as a child had been bitten by a rabid dog and received the world's first vaccination for hydrophobia from Louis Pasteur.
Valerie Schini-Kerth and a team of researchers of the Universite Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg found that Concord grape juice stimulated the production of nitric oxide in endothelial cells and produced a vasorelaxation effect.
Major organization : CENTRE HOSPITALIER LOUIS PASTEUR.
1822: Louis Pasteur, chemist and bacteriologist who made major discoveries on vaccination, germ theory and fermentation, was born in Dole, France.
Together, they are delivering day-long sessions for Year 8 and 9 pupils exploring the life and work of 19th Century French chemist and microbiologist, Louis Pasteur.
But a large proportion were unable to identify a number of significant, heavyweight names from the world of science and innovation, including Charles Darwin (63 per cent unable to identify), Louis Pasteur (75 per cent), Thomas Edison (62 per cent) and Isaac Newton (61 per cent).
29 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- RainDance Technologies announced today the launch of the dScreen Consortium, a research initiative conducted with sanofi-aventis, Paris (EURONEXT: SAN and NYSE: SNY), and Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg, France, to develop the next generation of high-throughput screening (HTS) for drug discovery applications.
Rabies vaccination by Louis Pasteur was an important step in the history of vaccine when, in 1885, Joseph Meister, who had been bitten by a rabid dog, was successfully treated by successive inoculations during a 10-day period.
Included are the tales of Edward Jenner, the first person to inoculate people with cowpox to fight smallpox; Louis Pasteur, the physician who first developed a vaccine from a human virus; and others.
The volume devotes about a quarter of its text to this last section, providing brief biographies of figures such as Charles Darwin, James Watson, Louis Pasteur, Maxine Singer, Gregor Mendel, Alec Jeffreys, and many others.
95 each), the illustrious scientists featured includes Tycho Brahe: Mapping The Heavens (1883846978); Nicholas Copernicus And The Founding Of Modern Astronomy (1883846994); Johannes Kepler: Discovering The Laws Of Celestial Motion (1883846986); Galileo Galilei And The Science Of Motion (1931798001); Isaac Newton: Organizing The Universe (1931-79801X); Louis Pasteur And The Founding Of Microbiology (1931798133).
Pierre Paul Emile Roux, an assistant of Louis Pasteur, proved that the diphtheria bacterium produced toxin (23).