The indirect estimate is obtained as the difference of the direct estimates of comparisons ACE versus BB and CCB versus BB in

log scale. Furthermore, the direct and indirect estimates are pooled together to get the mixed estimate.

The slope on

log scale algorithm performed poorly because the largest proportional rate-of-change for the number of cases tended to occur during periods of very low case numbers (perhaps reflecting chance fluctuations).

In comparison with the nonlinearity of the artist's laws of perspective drawing, the nonlinearity of the

log scale is more abstract and less intuitive.

The ratios for, [[Beta].sub.0], [[Beta].sub.1], and the

log scale parameter at the design stress are found.

Annual variation in addition to trend was modeled by multiplying the overall abundance by a random log-normal variable with mean (on the

log scale) of 0 and variance set by a model parameter.

Because the distribution of values for urinary PdG and [E.sub.1]C were strongly skewed toward the upper end, we transformed daily urinary PdG and [E.sub.1]C to the

log scale for analysis.

Looking at the figure "Mapping Sizes" (opposite), we see three levels of the

log scale from left to right.

All commonly used hardwood

log scales are more than a century old.

Mapped on the

log scale, it comes into perspective.

Overrun refers to the difference between the actual volume of lumber produced by a mill and the

log scale volume.

LO is the amount of lumber actually recovered in excess of the amount predicted by the

log scale, expressed as a percentage of the

log scale.

LVOL = volume in BF (Doyle

log scale) of a single log.