in man and lobomycosis
-like disease in bottlenose dolphin, Venezuela.
Lobomycosis (lacaziosis) is a chronic, granulomatous, fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues that affects humans and members of the family Delphinidae (1-6).
Rare in humans, lobomycosis was first reported in Recife, Brazil, in 1930 (1) and subsequently in other countries in South and Central America, where it seems to be endemic (4).
Cases of lobomycosis have been found in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) in North and South America since the 1970s and are being increasingly reported (2,3,5,6).
We report 2 cases of lobomycosis in offshore (pelagic) bottlenose dolphins stranded off North Carolina in 2005 and 2008.
Lobomycosis has been reported in the United States in coastal bottlenose dolphin populations in the Indian River Lagoon on the eastern coast of Florida, in the Gulf of Mexico off the western coast of Florida, and off the Texas Gulf coast.
To the Editor: Lobomycosis is a chronic dermal infectious disease affecting humans and some species of dolphins but not, to date, freshwater dolphins.
on the first human case of lobomycosis in Canada, we noticed that the authors describe the natural disease as occurring in humans and marine and freshwater dolphins only (1).
Along the same evolutionary lines, the presence of lobomycosis
in these dolphins poses the likelihood that the agent of the disease has found ways to infect a broader array of the species than we know in the same ecologic community.
Funchs J, Milbradt R, Pecher SA, Lobomycosis
(keloidal blastomycosis): case reports and overview.
Our case represents the first published report of imported human lobomycosis in Canada and the fifth in an industrialized country.
We document the first case of imported human lobomycosis in Canada.