(25) Commemoration of German general, Karl von Litzmann
(1850-1936), commander of the German 3rd Infantry Division, who won the Lodz battle in 1914 against the Russian troops.
(8.) Manfred Nebelin, Ludendorff: Diktator im Ersten Weltkrieg, Munich: Siedler Verlag, 2010, 159; Stone, Russian Army, 130-4; Otto von Below, "Winterschlacht in Masuria," No Date, Nachlass Otto von Below, File N 87/58, Bundesarchiv-Militararchiv, Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Germany [hereafter cited as BA-MA N87/58]; General der Infanterie Karl Litzmann
, Lebenserinnerungen, Berlin: Verlag R.
Levi provides us with a description of the coin (star of David stamped on one side together with the date "1943"; "QUITTUNG UBER 10 MARK" and "DER ALTESTE DER JUDEN IN LITZMANNSTADT" on the other), its historical context in the form of documentary fact, carefully situating his subject with population figures (the Lodz ghetto held 750,000 inhabitants prewar, and 160,000 Jews in 1944), the origin of the German name of Lodz at the time ("Litzmannstadt" for Litzmann
, a World-War I general), its major industry (textiles), its significance (Poland's most industrial city), its appearance (the most modern and the ugliest Polish city).
with an introduction by Berthold Litzmann
(Hamburg and Leipzig: Voss, 1887).
, Senior Vice president of marketing and Sales
(32.) Clara Schumann, diary, 8 September 1875, in Berthold Litzmann
, ed., Clara Schumann: Ein Kunstlerleben nach Tagebuchern und Briefen vol.
lists the medium of his pictures as "acrylic/cast acrylic," and at first I wondered whether this wordplay meant he had developed a way to set acrylic paint in a solid sheet, to which he then strategically applied acrylic in its usual form--making paint both the medium and the support.
In actual fact, five of the twelve generals heading that institution between 1871 and 1914 were of "bourgeois" background, namely August (von) Etzel, Karl Rudolf (von) Ollech, Karl (von) Villaume, Karl Litzmann
, and Erich (von) Gundell.
But all that he showed me ate things already composed earlier." See Berthold Litzmann
, Clara Schumann: Ein Kunstlerleben nach Tagebuchern und Briefen, 3 vols.
(12.) That she knew of Mozart's version would seem to be contradicted by an incident related in Berthold Litzmann
, Clara Schumann: Ein Kunstlerleben nach Tagebuchern und Briefen (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Hartel, 1920-8), 2:274.
Because Berthold Litzmann
's three volume, 1,459-page biography was such a thorough study of the subject's life (Clara Schumann, ein Kunstlerleben, nach Tagebuchern und Briefen, (Leipzig: Breitkopf und Hartel, 1902; reprint, Clara Schumann an Artist's Life, Based on Material Found in Diaries and Letters, 2 vols., trans.
, Clara Schumann: An Artist's Life, Based on Material Found in Diaries and Letters, trans.