lithium

(redirected from Lithium compounds)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Lithium compounds: lithium carbonate, Sodium compounds

lithium

 (Li) [lith´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939. (See Appendix 6.)
lithium carbonate a psychotropic drug used to treat acute manic attacks in bipolar disorder and, when given on a maintenance basis, to prevent the recurrence of manic-depressive episodes. The desired serum levels are in the range 0.5–1.5 mEq/L. Life-threatening central nervous system effects and kidney damage occur at levels above 3.0 mEq/L. It is very important that the levels be carefully controlled. Lithium should not be given to patients with severe renal or cardiovascular disease or taken with diuretics because the potential for toxicity is very high. It is suspected of causing birth defects and should not be used during pregnancy.
lithium citrate the citrate salt of lithium, having the same actions and uses as the carbonate salt.

lith·i·um (Li),

(lith'ē-ŭm),
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]

lithium

/lith·i·um/ (Li) (lith´e-um) a chemical element, at. no. 3. Its salts, especially l. carbonate and l. citrate, are used to treat and prevent manic states in bipolar disorder.

lithium (Li)

[lith′ē·əm]
Etymology: Gk, lithos, stone
a silver-white alkali metal occurring in various compounds such as petalite and spodumene. Its atomic number is 3; its atomic mass is 6.94. Lithium is the lightest known metal and one of the most reactive elements. Traces of lithium ion occur in animal tissue, and it abounds in many alkaline mineral spring waters. Its salts are used in the treatment of manias, but the mechanisms by which these compounds help to stabilize psychological moods are not understood. Lithium carbonate is a salt commonly used for psychiatric purposes in the United States. It has been effective in the prevention of recurrent attacks of manic-depressive illnesses and has helped correct sleep disorders in manic patients, apparently by suppressing the rapid eye movement phases of sleep. Therapeutic concentrations of lithium have no observable psychotropic effects on normal individuals. In manic patients, lithium salts also produce high-voltage slow waves in the electroencephalograph, often with superimposed beta waves. An important feature of the lithium ion is its relatively small gradient of distribution across biological membranes. Patients suffering severe manic attacks are hospitalized so that they can receive proper medical maintenance. Treatments start with large doses of antipsychotic drugs, which are followed by the gradual and safe introduction of lithium therapy. Ideally lithium treatment is prescribed only for patients with normal sodium intake and normal heart and kidney function.

lith·i·um

(lith'ē-ŭm)
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]

lithium

An element, the lightest known solid, used as the citrate or carbonate for the control of MANIC DEPRESSIVE states. Lithium is also used as the succinate in ointments for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and in shampoos for the control of dandruff. The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names are Camcolit, Li-liquid, Liskonum, Litarex and Priadel. A preparation for external use is Efalith.

Lithium (Lithane, Lithromate)

A drug used to treat manic depression (bipolar disorder) that can be transmitted in breast milk.

lithium,

n a metal/element (Li) used in the treatment of bipolar disorders and sometimes used in the treatment of herpes.

lithium

a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939, symbol Li. See Table 6.

lithium carbonate
used in the treatment of canine cyclic hematopoiesis to stabilize numbers of neutrophils.

Patient discussion about lithium

Q. side effects of lithium

A. too many for this space :)
here is a link to drugs.com-
http://www.drugs.com/sfx/lithium-side-effects.html

Q. What happens if I stop taking the lithium? The lithium do me bad. If I stop- everything will be o.k?

A. I know what you think- I’ll stop it and I’ll be back to normal life, the hypomania, work all the time, doing friends, getting things worked out. But it won’t happen. You’ll just find yourself at best sitting at home for months without cleaning, bathing and all that. at worse- well…scattered all over..

Q. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it? For the past 10 years my sleep is reduced to just 4-5 hours a day (night sleep). Suddenly I sleep for over 10 hours every night. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it?

A. It’s actually the side effect of these medications, which makes you sleep more and is good ----because getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to control mania. A close relative of mine took Seroquil and felt completely tired. Later we found that she is improving with less or no tiredness. Now she doesn’t feel much tired. She is on seroquil now but at reduced doses. You are also on your medications and it might be working for you as well, as it worked for my friend. So sleep more and just get well!

More discussions about lithium
References in periodicals archive ?
Asia-Pacific is the global leader in the consumption of lithium compounds, and is expected to dominate in the coming years.
Galaxy's Jiangsu lithium carbonate plant, once completed, will have a design capacity of 17,000 tpa of lithium carbonate, which Galaxy expects would make it one of the largest plants in China converting hard rock lithium mineral concentrates into lithium compounds and chemicals.
Rockwood is the largest producer of lithium and lithium compounds for a range of products including batteries, pharmaceuticals and advanced transportation batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.
The concentrated brine is then pumped to a production plant at Silver Peak where it is converted into lithium carbonate, the basic raw material for lithium compounds.
Primary lithium batteries are non-rechargeable batteries that have lithium or lithium compounds asanode.
Lithium compounds such as lithium carbonate are forecast to be in short supply against high future demand due to advances in long life batteries and sophisticated electronics including mobile phones and computers.
NYSE: ROC), a global producer of specialty chemicals and advanced materials and the largest producer of lithium and lithium compounds, will participate in this conference next week.
NYSE: ROC), a global producer of specialty chemicals and advanced materials and the largest producer of lithium and lithium compounds, will participate in the Deutsche Bank 2010 Alternative Energy, Utilities & Power Conference in Washington, DC.
Rockwood's Chemetall Fine Chemical business produces lithium carbonate and other lithium compounds at sites in the Salar de Atacama and La Negra in Chile, both located about 900 miles north of the epicenter of Saturday's earthquake.
The Beaverdam project is situated in an area that has a rich history of lithium mining and continues as an important global location for the production and manufacturing of downstream lithium compounds.
domestic source of lithium raw material and the largest global producer of lithium and lithium compounds used in batteries, pharmaceuticals and many other industries.
Chemetall is a world-scale supplier of chemicals and processes for surface treatment of metals and other substrates, Lithium compounds and other specialty chemicals with sales of about 1.