The FAD2 gene family which encode the enzymes 1-acyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3phosphocholine delta 12-desaturases (FAD2) are responsible for the production of linoleic acid
from oleic acid in oilseeds plants.
Four strongest peaks detected are in bold corresponding to: palmitic, stearic, oleic, and linoleic acids
. Compound Male Extract (M Ex) Female Extract (F Ex) Myristic acid 0.43 0.53 Palmitic acid 27.14 27.19 Palmitoleic acid 1.10 1.96 Stearic acid 14.15 11.33 Oleic acid 18.23 20.69 Linoleic acid
51.43 52.60 [gamma]-Linoleic acid 1.04 0.90 Paullinic acid 0.53 0.31
Oleic acid has weak polar properties (similar to linoleic acid
), whereas lauric acid has a strong polarity.
The potential additive considered here is conjugated linoleic acid
(CLA), discovered in the 1980s .
Dietary conjugated linoleic acid
reduces rat adipose tissue cell size rather than cell number.
(2010) found in cagaita seeds, amount of unsaturated fatty acids of 62.33%, of which 21.18% are monounsaturated acids and 41.15% are polyunsaturated acids, with linoleic acid
being the main component.
Among PUFAs, linoleic acid
(C18: 2o6) had the highest percentage in the all carcass parts.
Simultaneous Quantitative determination of isolated trans fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acids
in oils and fats by Chemometric analysis of the infrared profiles, Vib.
Objective: To explore the efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid
supplementation on some inflammatory factors in young healthy males during exhaustive exercise.
Liu P, Shen SR, Ruan H, Zhou Q, Ma LL, He GQ (2011) Production of conjugated linoleic acids
by Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from naturally fermented Chinese pickles.
Scimeca, "Effects of conjugated linoleic acid
on body fat and energy metabolism in the mouse," The American Journal of Physiology--Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.
It is also known that the incubation of organic acids with linoleic acid
affects rumen fermentation and competes with methane and the BH of linoleic acid
in the utilization of metabolic H2 by rumen microbes (Li et al., 2009; 2010; Liu et al., 2008).