Linguatulosis caused by Linguatula serrata (Pentastomida: Linguatulidae) which is entitled "tong-worm" is a cosmopolitan, zoonotic infection (Sadeghi-Dehkordi et al., 2014; Yazdani et al., 2014).
Linguatula serrata (Porocephalida: Linguatulidae) infection among Client-Owned dogs in Jalingo, Northeastern Nigeria: Prevalence and public health implications.
The most commonly reported species involved in Linguatulosis is Linguatula serrata (family Linguatulidae, order Porocephalida, and phylum Pentastomida), which is commonly classified between annelids and arthropods .
Two families, Linguatulidae and Porocephalidae of which two important genera Linguatula and Armillifer, respectively, have been known to be of importance in veterinary and human medicine .
The most recent phylogenetic systematization showed that the Class Pentastomida is divided into four orders (Cephalobaenida, Raillietiellida, Reighardiida, and Porocephalida), the latter with two superfamilies (Linguatuloidea and Porocephaloidea) and four families (Linguatulidae
, Sub triquetridae, Sebekidae, and Porocephalidae; see Almeida and Christoffersen, 1999).
The taxon Pentastomida comprises approximately 131 species distributed in seven families, namely Cephalobaenidae, Linguatulidae
, Porocephalidae, Rallietiellidae, Reighardiidae, Sebekidae and Subtriquetridae (Almeida & Christoffersen, 1999), where they are preferentially pulmonary parasites of vertebrates, mainly reptiles (Almeida & Christoffersen, 2002).
On the family Linguatulidae
. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, vol.