attenuation coefficient

(redirected from Linear attenuation coefficient)
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attenuation coefficient

in radiography or ultrasound, the difference between the energy that enters a body part and the energy that is not detected. The difference is caused by the absorption and scattering of energy within the body tissues.

attenuation coefficient

A measure of the attenuation of energy waves or particles caused by absorption of energy as they pass through a particular medium (e.g., air, tissue, lead).

attenuation coefficient

The calculated remainder of the x-ray beam that is received by the detectors in a computed tomography (CT) unit. This value is used to determine the CT (Hounsfield) number.
See also: coefficient
References in periodicals archive ?
j], [mu] is the linear attenuation coefficient for the indicated material, [z.
In the trial with rot-free discs, a mean value of the linear attenuation coefficient ([[micro].
The (greylevel) intensity at each voxel in the final 3-D image corresponds to the linear attenuation coefficient of the material contained in that voxel.