Recently, also in retrospect, VSBV-1 was shown to be responsible for fatal limbic encephalitis
in a zoo animal caretaker after contact with an exotic Prevost's squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) in northern Germany (2).
Autoimmune limbic encephalitis
is frequently recognized as a cause of subacute encephalopathy with seizures.
Memory lost, memory regained:Neuropsychological findings and neuroimaging in two cases of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis
with radically different outcomes.
Paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic limbic encephalitis
can also present with RPD and behavior and movement disturbances.
MRI findings, and clinical and laboratory results help diagnose limbic encephalitis
. The paraneoplastic autoantibody test was negative.
Morgan was then diagnosed with Sero-negative Limbic encephalitis
with bilateral temporal lobe involvement - a very rare and cruel condition affecting a small number of people each year.
Authors wondered if HSV could trigger the autoantibody secretion and by the way be responsible of limbic encephalitis
, first described as paraneoplasic presentation by Dalmau (26).
Anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) limbic encephalitis
is caused by antibodies against the LGI1 element of the voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex .
Neurologic complications of RP are rare in general; in the literature limbic encephalitis
was reported and the patient presented with cognitive dysfunction .
The anti-GAD antibodies typically cause a form of autoimmune encephalitis with classic temporal lobe lesions on MR imaging with the expected clinical findings of limbic encephalitis
, and/or additional features of stiff person syndrome with early and prominent development of seizures .
It has been described as the pathognomonic semiology for autoimmune limbic encephalitis
(LE) is an autoimmune, neurological disorder characterized by confusion, memory disturbance, and seizures.