distraction osteogenesis

(redirected from Limb-lengthening)

distraction osteogenesis

a technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

dis·trac·tion os·te·o·gen·e·sis

(dis-trak'shŭn os'tē-ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
A technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

distraction osteogenesis

Abbreviation: DO
A method of lengthening bones by making a series of controlled fractures which are then spread to desired locations and held in place with hinges, rods, and/or wires. The technique is used primarily in orthopedic or maxillofacial surgery to repair deficits in long bones or facial bones.
See also: osteogenesis

distraction

1. diversion of attention.
2. separation of joint surfaces without rupture of their binding ligaments and without displacement.
3. surgical separation of the two parts of a bone after it is transected.

distraction index
a measure of hip laxity in which the degree of subluxation demonstrated radiographically when some stress is applied to the femurs is assessed as an indicator of hip dysplasia in dogs.
distraction osteogenesis
the development of new bone growth in an area subjected to gradual tension stress by the deliberate separation of fragments by traction.
References in periodicals archive ?
Related: 'I have to be taller': the unregulated world of India's limb-lengthening industry
Then, the patient was admitted into our hospital and received limb-lengthening treatment by Ilizarov external fixator.
The maturation phase began at the end of distraction (the limb-lengthening phase) and ended when the bone in the distraction gap had healed sufficiently (when three of four cortices were seen to be intact on antero-posterior and lateral radiographs, the radiographic consolidation end point]).
Recovery of muscle strength and power after limb-lengthening surgery.
When Robyn was five, her parents made the decision to put her through" When Robyn was five, her parents made the decision to put her through limb-lengthening procedures, which meant breaking her bones and having a metal frame inserted for months at a time.
Apotheosis is just one of a growing number of men pursuing limb-lengthening procedures for cosmetic reasons.
Of the remaining 48 patients, 21 had limb-lengthening revisions for protein-calorie malnutrition that was not improved by intermittent total parenteral nutrition (TPN), including 13 of the 23 patients with 50-cm common channels and 8 of the 25 patients with common channels greater than 100 cm, Dr.
Ryan Hatfield, aged 13, has undergone four limb-lengthening operations to counteract a restricted growth disorder he was born with and plays in the special needs team at the club.
Every night, while Michael and Tammy were asleep, I searched the internet, looking for specialists in limb-lengthening.
Michael Ehrlich, a 30-year veteran of limb-lengthening research and head of orthopedics at Brown University Medical School.
the ability to develop equipment like their internal limb-lengthening device, currently used to lengthen the femur or tibia in cases where bone has stopped growing or has been shattered.
When he was 3, Mikey was diagnosed with muscular cancer and underwent multiple limb-lengthening procedures that used fixators attached to his legs by doctors at Walter Reed.