feline leukemia virus

(redirected from Leukemia virus, feline)
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Related to Leukemia virus, feline: Feline panleukopenia, Feline immunodeficiency virus

feline leukemia virus (FeLV),

five recognized subtypes; the most common infectious disease in domestic Felidae; another common slow virus disease of cats also in the Retroviridae family is feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Symptoms of FeLV may overlap with FIV, depending on potential complicating secondary processes (e.g., secondary bacterial invaders, neoplasia) or physiologic response to chronic slow virus infection (e.g., anemia). Virus shedding occurs in saliva, tears, and excrement. Viruses have poor environmental survival, so close cat contact is needed for agent transfer. Cogrooming and cat bites are common transmission routes. Clinical picture varies from progressive debilitation leading to death, to asymptomatic carriers (bone marrow sequestration). Affected cats may be anemic, icteric, have fading kittens, abortion, infertility, lymphadenopathy, polyuria and polydipsia, diarrhea, lethargy, and death. Vaccine licensed for use.

feline leukemia virus

n. Abbr. FeLV
A retrovirus that primarily affects cats, is transmitted through saliva, and causes immunosuppression, anemia, cancers such as leukemia and sarcomas, and other disorders.
A retrovirus of the Oncornavirinae family, which affects cats, resulting in lymphoreticular and myeloid neoplasms, anemias, immune dysfunctions, and an AIDS-like complex
References in periodicals archive ?
Diseases like feline panleukopenia virus, feline leukemia virus, feline calicivirus and rabies are all devastating--and all preventable--via vaccination.
If your cat is exhibiting these symptoms, his veterinarian will most likely perform a series of diagnostic tests to rule out other conditions, such as feline leukemia virus, feline infectious peritonitis, feline immunodeficiency virus, or parasites and protozoal infections.
Feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus, calcivirus, and other diseases or conditions that suppress the immune system can make a cat more susceptible to periodontitis.

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