Leuconostoc


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Leuconostoc

(lū'kō-nos'tok),
A genus of microaerophilic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Lactobacillaceae) containing gram-positive, spheric cells that may, under certain conditions, lengthen and become pointed and even form rods. Lactic and acetic acids are produced by these organisms. They are found in plant juices and in milk. The type species is Leuconostoc mesenteroides.
[G. leukos, white, + nostoc, a genus of algae (a word coined by Paracelsus)]

Leuconostoc

/Leu·co·nos·toc/ (loo″ko-nos´tok) a genus of slime-forming saprophytic bacteria (tribe Streptococcaceae) found in milk and fruit juices, including L. citro´vorum, L. dextran´icum, and L. mesenteroi´des.

Leuconostoc

a genus of gram-positive, nonpathogenic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria spherical to lenticular in shape. They are of food hygiene importance because they cause slime on high sugar foods, cause taints and are salt-tolerant.

Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum, subsp. mesenteroides
produce dextran which is the major component of the slime on foods.
References in periodicals archive ?
cremoris, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Bifidus esscencis y Saccharomyces cerevisiae) diluidos en 180 litros de agua.
In 2005, researchers at Seoul National University in Korea announced that a culture fluid of Leuconostoc kimchii, a beneficial bacteria in kimchi, showed clear remedial effects for chickens suffering from bird flu, Newcastle disease, and bronchitis.
bulgaricus, Leuconostoc mesentoroides, Acetobacter aceti, etc.
Common occurrence of plasmid DNA and vancomycin resistance in Leuconostoc spp.
A selection of the extensive chapter titles reads: Lactic acid bacteria and bacteriocins - their practical importance; Taxonomy of lactic acid bacteria; Genetics and protein engineering of nisin; Lacticin 481, a lantibiotic produced by Lactococcus lactis; Lactococcins, bacteriocins of Lactococcus lactis; Bacteriocins and bacteriocin-like substances from Lactobacillus; Lactacin F, a small hydrophobic heat-stable bacteriocin; Lactocin S, a lanthionine-containing bacteriocin isolated from Lactobacillus sake L45; Bacteriocins of Pediococcus; Bacteriocins produced by Leuconostoc species; Bacteriocins produced by Streptococcus thermophilus; Bacteriocins of Enterococcus; and Enterocin 1146, a bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecium DPC 1146.
Dahi is manufactured using single or mixed cultures of Lactococcus lactis, Lactococcus cremoris, Lactococcus diacetylactis, along with Leuconostoc species, a combination of acid and flavor producing bacteria.
Heterologous expression and secretion of Lactobacillus amylovorus alpha-amylase in Leuconostoc citreum.
The lactic fermentation is often carried out by the following species: Lactococcus, Streptococcus, Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Weissella and Propionibacterium [7-9].
1992 "Growth, D-glucose utilization and malolactic fermentation by Leuconostoc oenos strains in 18 media deficient in one amino acid.
At this stage Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Enterococcus faecalis took over.
pseudokoningii Penicillium pinophilum Bacillus cereus and Leuconostoc mesenteroides were effective antagonistic microorganisms against F.
Study of the behaviour of Lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc starters during a complete wheat sourdough breadmaking process.