Leuconostoc


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Leuconostoc

(lū'kō-nos'tok),
A genus of microaerophilic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Lactobacillaceae) containing gram-positive, spheric cells that may, under certain conditions, lengthen and become pointed and even form rods. Lactic and acetic acids are produced by these organisms. They are found in plant juices and in milk. The type species is Leuconostoc mesenteroides.
[G. leukos, white, + nostoc, a genus of algae (a word coined by Paracelsus)]
References in periodicals archive ?
Well characterized probiotic LAB genera include Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Pediococcus, and Lactococcus (Merenstein and Salminen, 2017; Roskar et al., 2017).
Algunos tipos de BAL pertenecientes a los generos Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc y Weissella, son capaces de producir diversos exopolisacaridos (dextrano, levan, [beta]-glucano) que inciden sobre las propiedades reologicas, quimicas y sensoriales de los alimentos (Li et al., 2014; Leroy y Vuyst, 2016).
diacetylactis strain--designated hereafter as F2.3--and one Leuconostoc mesentero'ides strain--named P35--were used.
Synthesizing dextran via biosynthesis can be done by using lactic acid bacteria (LAB) such as Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, Streptococcus, and Weissella [1, 3, 4].
Examples of organism that are heterofermentative are Leuconostoc, Weissella, and Lactobacillus brevis [4].
However, the increasing demand for healthy foods has conducted LAB research towards the study of their functional properties in foods, revealing that many LAB species, such us Lactobacillus spp., Lactococcus spp., Leuconostoc spp., Streptococcus spp., Pediococcus spp., Oenococcus spp., or Carnobacterium spp., exhibit antimicrobial activity [4-7].
[22] have demonstrated that strong acid producing lactic acid bacteria belong to genera Pediococcus, Lactobacillus, Streptococcus, Leuconostoc, and Bacillus species.
The same findings were also reported by the other workers [22] in case of mutagenic strain of Leuconostoc mesenteroides.
The most commonly used genres in the development of probiotics prepares of veterinary use are: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Estreptococcus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, Propionibacterium and Bacillus, such as yeasts of the genres Saccharomyces, S.
Effect of Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus fermentum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides inoculants, or a chemical additive on the fermentation, aerobic stability, and nutritive value of crimped wheat grains.
Controlled gene expression systems for lactic acid bacteria: transferable nisin-inducible expression cassettes for Lactococcus, Leuconostoc, and Lactobacillus spp.
Herein we report the successful treatment of catheter related blood stream infections due to Leuconostoc mesenteroides with antibiotic lock therapy in addition to systemic treatment.