shiitake

(redirected from Lentinula edode)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

shiitake

Herbal medicine
A mushroom that contains B vitamins, cortinelin (an antibacterial) and lentinan (­a polysaccharide complex that stimulates the immune system). Shiitake has been used as a medicinal mushroom for upper respiratory diseases, poor circulation, liver disease, exhaustion and weakness, and to boost qi/chi. It is also said to prevent premature ageing, hypertension, AIDS and the occurrence of hang nails.
  
Fringe oncology
Shiitake mushrooms have been used for cancer via proprietary extracts (e.g., PSK, Lentinan).

Efficacy
Dubious at best.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another important edible and consuming mushrooms in Pakistan Agaricus bisporus, (button mushroom) Pleurotus osterus (common oyster mushroom), Volvariella volvacea (padistraw mushroom), Lentinula edodes (Shii-take mushroom).
8:30 EXTRACTS FROM GANODERMA LUCIDUM, TRAMETES VERSICOLOR, GRIFOLA FRONDOSA, AND LENTINULA EDODES DECREASE XRE-MEDIATED TRANSCRIPTION INDUCED BY B [A] P**, Matthew D.
Screening of heterozygous DNA markers in shiitake (Lentinula edodes) using de-dikaryotization via preparation of protoplasts and isolation of four meiotic monokaryons from one basidium.
Common examples of foods rich in antioxidants include spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and the shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes).
It had been used to analyze the genetic diversity of Lentinula edodes [18], construct the genetic linkage map of Lentinula edodes [9], and analyze the relationship between phenotypic and genotypic traits of Auricularia auricula-judae [8].
Bilay, "Some physiological aspects of the cultivation of Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Sing," in Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products, D.
Different fungi have been investigated for the isolation of tyrosinase which has been obtained from Agaricus bisporus [14], Neurospora crassa [15,16], Amanita muscaria [17], Lentinula edodes [18], Aspergillus oryzae [19], Portabella mushrooms, Pycnoporus sanguineus [20], and Lentinula boryana [21].
Maitake mushrooms (Grifola frondosa), reishi mushrooms (Ganoderma lucidum) and shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes) rev up the immune system to defend against a number of viruses.
Two of the easiest species to cultivate outdoors are shiitakes (Lentinula edodes) and oysters (Pleurotus genus), says Joe Krawczyk, co-owner and cofounder of Field & Forest Products Inc., a supplier of mushroom spawn and cultivation tools.