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Herbal medicine
A mushroom that contains B vitamins, cortinelin (an antibacterial) and lentinan (­a polysaccharide complex that stimulates the immune system). Shiitake has been used as a medicinal mushroom for upper respiratory diseases, poor circulation, liver disease, exhaustion and weakness, and to boost qi/chi. It is also said to prevent premature ageing, hypertension, AIDS and the occurrence of hang nails.
Fringe oncology
Shiitake mushrooms have been used for cancer via proprietary extracts (e.g., PSK, Lentinan).

Dubious at best.


n See lentinan.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antibacterial effect of the culture fluid of Lentinula edodes mycelium grown in submerged liquid culture.
Selection of strains of Lentinula edodes and Lentinula boryana adapted for efficient mycelial growth on wheat straw.
Aqueous extracts of Lentinula edodes can significantly suppress the proliferation of cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro.
Productivity of agricultural residues used for the cultivation of medicinal fungus Lentinula edodes.
Fresh Lentinula edodes and Ganoderma lucidum mushrooms were collected from the National Mushroom Development and Extension Centre in Savar, Dhaka district, Bangladesh in December 2010.
Antinociceptive activity of methanol extract of Lentinula edodes and Ganoderma lucidum was examined using previously described procedures of Shanmugasundaram and Venkataraman (2005) with minor modifications.
The methanol extract of Lentinula edodes dose-dependently reduced the number of writhings in mice injected intraperitioneally with acetic acid, as compared to control animals.
Nutritional factors limiting the growth of Lentinula edodes and other white-rot fungi in wood.
Analyses of genetic variability in Lentinula edodes through mycelia responses to different abiotic conditions and RAPD molecular markers.
Screening of inducers for laccase production by Lentinula edodes in liquid medium.
Antibacterial activity of Lentinula edodes grown in liquid medium.