Leishmania


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Leishmania

 [lēsh-ma´ne-ah]
a genus of protozoa comprising parasites of worldwide distribution, several species of which are pathogenic for humans. All species are morphologically indistinguishable, and therefore the organisms have usually been assigned to species and subspecies according to their geographic origin, the clinical syndrome they produce, and their ecologic characteristics. They have also been separated based on their tendency to cause visceral, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. In some classifications, Leishmania is grouped in four complexes comprising species and subspecies: L. donovani, L. tropica, L. mexicana, and L. viannia.
Life cycle of Leishmania. From Mahon and Manuselis, 2000.
Leishmania brazilien´sis Leishmania viannia.
Leishmania donova´ni donova´ni a subspecies of the L. donovani complex causing the classic form of visceral leishmaniasis in India. It is transmitted by the sandfly Phlebotomus argentipes, with humans being the only major reservoir hosts. Called also L. donovani.
Leishmania ma´jor a species of the L. tropica complex, transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi, causing the rural form of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis. Called also L. tropica major.
Leishmania mexica´na a complex comprising the species and subspecies causing the New World form of cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans: L. m. mexicana, L. m. amazonensis, and L. pifanoi.
Leishmania tro´pica
1. a complex comprising the species causing the Old World form of cutaneous leishmaniasis: L. tropica, L. major, and L. aethiopica.
2. a species of the L. tropica complex causing the urban form of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis. It is found in Iran, Iraq, and India, transmitted by Phlebotomus sergenti; and in southern France, Italy and certain Mediterranean islands, transmitted by P. papatasi. Human to human transmission may also occur.
Leishmania vian´nia a taxonomic complex comprising the subspecies that cause mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in its various forms; all of the subspecies develop in the midgut, foregut, and hindgut of their sandfly vectors. Formerly called L. braziliensis.

Leishmania

(lēsh-man'ē-ă), Avoid the mispronunciation līshmā'nē-ă.
A genus of digenetic, asexual, protozoan flagellates (family Trypanosomatidae) that occur as amastigotes in the macrophages of vertebrate hosts, and as promastigotes in invertebrate hosts and in cultures. Species are largely indistinguishable morphologically but may be distinguished by clinical manifestations, geographic distribution and epidemiology, developmental patterns of promastigotes in their sandfly hosts, virulence testing of clones in vivo, the effect of test sera on growth in culture, cross-immunity tests, and serotyping with promastigote excreted factors; strains also can be distinguished by various biochemical analyses and DNA sequencing. Such procedures have identified all recognized groups and confirmed the separation of New World leishmaniasis agents into two species complexes, Leishmania mexicana and Leishmania braziliensis.
[W. B. Leishman]

Leish·man·i·a

(lēsh-man'ē-ă)
A genus of digenetic, asexual, protozoan flagellates that occur as amastigotes in the macrophages of vertebrate hosts, and as promastigotes in invertebrate hosts and in cultures.
[W. B. Leishman]

leish·man·i·a

, pl. leishmaniae (lēsh-man'ē-ă, -ē)
A member of the genus Leishmania.

Leishmania

A genus of single-celled organisms equipped with a whip-like motility organ (flagellated protozoon). The genus contains many species responsible for the various forms of LEISHMANIASIS, known by such names as KALA AZAR, ESPUNDIA, forest yaws, chiclero ulcer, uta, diffuse cutaneous Leishmaniasis, oriental sore, Aleppo boil, Baghdad boil, bouton d'Orient and Delhi boil.

Leishman,

Sir William Boog, Scottish surgeon, 1865-1926.
Leishmania - a genus of digenetic, asexual, protozoan flagellates.
Leishman chrome cells - basophilic granular leukocytes (basophils) observed in the circulating blood of some persons with blackwater fever.
Leishman stain - a polychromed eosin-methylene blue stain used in the examination of blood films.
Leishman-Donovan body - the intracytoplasmic, nonflagellated leishmanial form of certain intracellular parasites. Synonym(s): amastigote; L-D body
leishmaniasis - tropical disease that is spread by sandflies.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical management of canine leishmaniosis versus human leishmaniasis due to Leishmania infantum: putting "One Health" principles into practice.
Leishmania turlerinin genotiplemesi de; sinirlayici enzim parca uzunlugu cesitliligi (RFLP), Multi Locus Enzyme Electrophoresis ve Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) gibi yontemler uzun yillardir kullanilmaktadir (14,15).
(1996) (29) have reported the isolation of the parasitic protozoan Leishmania in urine samples from infected dogs.
LACK is a 36 kDa protein and expressed in both stages of the leishmania parasite life cycle (11).
Dentro del ciclo zoonotico de la LV, los parasitos del genero Leishmania son transmitidos por insectos flebotomineos del genero Lutzomyia.
A female victim of the disease, daughter of Arab Shah, resident of Kam-Shelman, said that 2 months ago, she suffered from leishmania and had been visiting the hospital since then.
They found Leishmania DNA in 24.5% of the subjects while 54.6% of the examined subjects were seropositive by IFAT.
The cells of Leishmania parasite are more similar to the mammalian cells.
It is important to mention that the identification of Leishmania isolates from NUCL lesions from Honduras showed that parasites belong to the Leishmania donovani complex by specific monoclonal antibodies, and they were identified as Leishmania (L.) donovani chagasi by isoenzyme analysis [1].
(ii) Olga Brandonisio, Rosa Spinelli, and Maria Pepe: "Dendritic cells in Leishmania infection," Microbes and Infection, vol.
La leishmaniosis visceral (LV) es una enfermedad cronica zoonotica del canino causada por un protozoario del genero Leishmania. En el nuevo mundo el agente causal es L.