laterite

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laterite

a red soil found in the tropics, from which silica has been leached because of the hot, wet climatic conditions, but which retains the oxides of iron and aluminium.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mass change calculations reveal that lateritization processes at Zan were accompanied by moderate to strong leaching of Ca, Na, K, and Mg and to a lesser extent by Mn (Fig.
Al and Ti also remain immobile during lateritization (MacLean et al.
These bauxites are products of lateritization of folded phyllites, meta-sandstones, schists, and itabirites.