hemifacial microsomia

(redirected from Lateral facial dysplasia)

hemifacial microsomia

(mi?kro-so'me-a),

HFM

A rare congenital anomaly, usually inherited sporadically, in which one side of the body, usually the right, fails to develop equally with the left. The ear, nose, and maxilla on the affected side are hypoplastic. In addition the right lung and kidney may be smaller than normal, and affected children often have ventriculoseptal defects. Surgical treatment of facial defects associated with HFM is often undertaken by combined teams of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Synonym: facio-auriculo vertebral syndrome; Goldenhar syndrome; oculoauricular vertebral dysplasia
References in periodicals archive ?
Such a congenital malformation is also known as Goldenhar syndrome, craniofacial microsomia, first and second branchial arch syndrome, otomandibular dysostosis, and lateral facial dysplasia [2].

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