The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is supplied by the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral
The operative team shifted to recipient site where a branch of lateral circumflex femoral
artery usually the descending branch was isolated and prepared for micro anastomosis.
The 5-French catheter was then positioned within the right external iliac artery and an area of active arterial extravasation and pseudoaneurysm formation was noted to be originating from the subsegmental transverse branch of lateral circumflex femoral branch of the right profunda femoris artery (Figures 8 and 9).
Rath, "Unusual disposition of lateral circumflex femoral artery: anatomical description and clinical implications," World Journal of Clinical Cases, vol.
Descending and transverse branches of the lateral circumflex femoral
artery are located below the greater trochanter as well and therefore cannot be damaged with the needle.
The structures with a high risk of being injured were the LFCN, located 1.42 [+ or -] 0.85 cm medial to the portal, the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral
artery (LCFA), located 5.44 [+ or -] 1.13 cm medial to the portal, and the femoral nerve 4.47 [+ or -] 1.03 cm medial to the portal (Table I).
Vastus lateralis muscle flap derives its robust blood supply from descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral
artery with good length of pedicle free segmental muscle flap can be used for reconstruction of recalcitrant palatal defects,.
[1,2] Passing behind the inguinal ligament into the thigh it is split into anterior and posterior division by the lateral circumflex femoral
This is commonly referred to as the cruciate anastomosis, which is a collateralisation between the inferior gluteal (internal iliac), medial circumflex femoral, lateral circumflex femoral
and the first perforating branch (profunda femorus).
The vascularization of the femoral nerve in the dog is supplied by small vessels coming from the superficial iliac circumflex artery and the lateral circumflex femoral
artery, both of them collaterals of the femoral artery.
In this layer, the lateral circumflex femoral
vessels and their branches are encountered and must be protected or ligated.
In the transplant of the femoral diaphysis the deep femoral artery can be used, if the lateral circumflex femoral
artery is protected.