Material; and Methods: One hundred recurrent laryngeal nerves
, 50 right and 50 left were studied in 64 patients.
An anatomical study of anastomoses between the laryngeal nerves
. Laryngoscope 1999; 109: 983-7.
Their topics include thyroid: identifying and preserving the recurrent laryngeal nerves
, lymph: managing the extra-nodal extension in the lateral neck, gastric: reconstructing the gastrointestinal tract, rectum: proximal vascular ligation, abdomen: reconstructing the perineum, esophagus: resection of the primary tumor to negative margins, and melanoma: anatomic orientation of the excision.
(3) compiled the proposed mechanisms of HNP (with or without lingual or recurrent laryngeal nerves
) with regard to the location of the injury after airway management into four groups (3): (1) the nerve compression or impingement at the hyoid bone where the nerve is superficial in its course, (2) the nerve stretching at the lateral aspect of the transverse process of the first cervical vertebrae, (3) the shearing of the distal nerve fibres that supply motor input to the tongue with a laryngoscope blade and (4) a calcified stylohyoid ligament (4).
It was not until 1935 that reports began of nonrecurrent left inferior laryngeal nerves
, generally associated with situs inversus (Coady et al.).
Injury to laryngeal nerves
, especially RLN and VCs palsy, are the most important causes of complications from a medicolegal perspective.
Injury to recurrent laryngeal nerves
during thyroidectomy; a comparison between the results of identification and non-identification in 1022 nerves exposed to risk.
The recurrent laryngeal nerves
should be carefully dissected and preserved, and the parathyroid glands should be identified and preserved along with their blood supply.
Lahey, "Dissections of the recurrent and superior laryngeal nerves
," Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol.
The caudal laryngeal nerves
in dogs, termed RLNs in humans, are dorsal to the thyroid lobes.[sup]
Unilateral vocal cord paralysis: A review of CT findings, mediastinal causes, and the course of the recurrent laryngeal nerves
(21) In these instances, the recurrent laryngeal and external branch of the superior laryngeal nerves
were preserved intraoperatively and the muscles they innervate demonstrated normal EMG findings after thyroidectomy.