Larrea tridentata


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Related to Larrea tridentata: creosote bush

chaparral

Alternative oncology
A drought-adapted evergreen, the major component of which is nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), which may be used to treat GI tumours, leukaemia and brain gliomas.

Herbal medicine
Chaparral was once used by Native American herbalists as an antiarthritic and antitussive (effects that have not been confirmed by modern herbalists), for diarrhoea and other GI complaints, and topically for wounds.
 
Toxicity
Chaparral causes cramping, nausea and vomiting.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Plant species present in the area with more than 50% cover are: Larrea tridentata and Prosopis glandulosa.
-- El presente trabajo estudia la avifauna de una comunidad de gobernadora (Larrea tridentata) en el municipio de Garcia, Nuevo Leon, durante los veranos de 1995-1996.
Key words: creosote bush; desert woodrats; detoxification; glucuronic acid; Great Basin; Mojave Desert; Larrea tridentata; Neotoma lepida; phenolic resin; plant secondary metabolites; tolerance.
The perennial plant community was dominated by Larrea tridentata and Ambrosia dumosa, but also included Pleuraphis rigida and Achnatherum hymenoides.
Historical records indicate that the Jornada Basin was dominated by warm-season C4 perennial grasses (e.g., Bouteloua eriopoda, Sporobolus flexuosus) at the time of European settlement, but much of the area has become dominated by shrubs, especially creosotebush (Larrea tridentata) and mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa).
In order to contribute to the knowledge of this community, the aim of this study was to determine the composition, diversity and structure of a thicket of the Larrea tridentata mycrophyllus desert scrub in one of the most well-preserved areas of Northeastern Mexico.
Structure--For microphyllous scrub and areas with livestock, we registered a high dominance of creosote bush (Larrea tridentata; 16.6%), and blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis; 15.6%).
Collections have only found adults, also taken from willow (Salicaceae, Salix sp.) and creosote bush (Larrea tridentata [DC.] Cov.) (Cott 1956).
microphylla, Fouquieria spp., Lycium spp., Larrea tridentata, Jatropha cuneata), short trees (Olneya tesota, Pachycormus discolor, Cercidium microphyllum) and cardons (Pachycereus pringlei).
Oenothera rosea methanol extract, Sphaeralcea angustifolia chloroform extract, Acacia farnesiana, Larrea tridentata and Rubus coriifolius methanol extracts as well as the aqueous extract of Chamaedora tepejilote were demonstrated to be particularly active against the induced hind-paw edema.