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operative procedure performed using minimally invasive surgical technique for exposure that avoids traditional incision; visualization is achieved using a fiber optic instrument, attached to a video camera.
Nintendo surgeryA popular term for a long-distance surgical procedure performed with video-game-like controls (i.e., “Nintendo” controls), guided by laparoscopy and live video, and facilitated by miniaturised tools and computerised technologies. The operator is located at a distance (across the room or in another time zone) from a “tight” operating field.
laparoscopic surgeryThe use of a fiberoptic laparoscope and specialized instruments to diagnose and/or treat 'surgical' disease. See Laparoscopic staging, Paradoxical movement.
laparoscopic surgeryA range of surgical techniques performed through small metal or plastic ports inserted through short incisions in the skin. The instruments are externally controlled and the operation site is internally illuminated and is commonly viewed on a computer-type monitor. Since much of post-operative morbidity relates to the use of large skin and muscle incisions, this method is popular with patients and substantially shortens recovery time. Older surgeons must master some entirely new techniques and adapt to the change in the relationship of hand and eye. The method is rapidly replacing earlier and cruder methods.
Laparoscopic surgery; keyhole surgery
Surgery that utilizes a laparoscope with a video camera and surgical instruments inserted through small incisions.