Louis T.J., French neurologist, 1845-1917. See: Landouzy-Dejerine dystrophy, Landouzy-Grasset law.
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Similarly, some years prior to Briquet's treatise on hysteria, one of his contemporaries Hector Landouzy (a supporter of the uterine theory of hysteria), characterized novels, and by extension other forms of cultural enhancement, as "toutes ces deviations litteraires [...] qui impriment presque necessairement une direction vicieuse a l'esprit, a la sensibilite et aux affections des jeunes rilles ..."(264).(5) Thus, while Briquet located the causes of hysterical illness in the male patient's personality, as with Landouzy, he described emotions that were typically regarded as feminine.
His previous display of uncertainty is expressed here in its pathological form, a futile repetition of aimless gesticulations, a form of "convulsive hysteria" described in Landouzy's Traite complet de l'hysterie as a sudden eruption of the patient's limbs into "mouvements continuels de flexion et d'extension egaux" (53).
Flaubert represents this deficiency as a release of animal-like sounds ("Il retomba tout en fureur, et ralant comme un taureau blesse" [52]) that actualizes in a strikingly mimetic pitch Landouzy's description of a patient's breakdown into verbal clamor: "...
Many, such as Louis Landouzy, were respected clinicians with long experience in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis.