Lancefield classification


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Related to Lancefield classification: CAMP test

Lancefield classification

 [lans´fēld]
the classification of hemolytic streptococci into groups on the basis of serologic action; there are currently 18 groups. Most of the infection-causing streptococci are in Group A.

Lance·field clas·si·fi·ca·tion

(lants'fēld),
a serologic classification dividing hemolytic streptococci into groups (A-O) that bear a definite relationship to their sources, based on precipitation tests depending on group-specific carbohydrate substances; for example, Group A contains strains most pathogenic for humans; B, strains from mastitis in cows and from normal milk, including strains from the human throat and vagina; C, strains from various lower animals, including a number from cattle and the human throat; D, strains from cheese and humans; E, strains from certified milk; F, strains mainly from the human throat, associated with tonsillitis; G, strains from humans, a few from monkeys and dogs; and H, K, and O, nonpathogenic strains occasionally from normal human respiratory tracts.

Lance·field clas·si·fi·ca·tion

(lans'fēld klas'i-fi-kā'shŭn)
A serologic classification dividing hemolytic streptococci into groups (A-O) based on precipitation test results for group-specific carbohydrate substances.

Lancefield,

Rebecca Craighill, U.S. bacteriologist, 1895–.
Lancefield classification - a serologic classification dividing hemolytic streptococci into groups which bear a definite relationship to their sources.

Lancefield classification

the classification of streptococci into groups on the basis of cell wall antigen. Each group is indicated by a letter from A to V. Some species are antigenically heterogeneous.