Carl Jay Bajema sums up Lamarckism
as a process whereby evolution is brought about through the so- called inheritance of acquired characters -the direct effects of use or disuse of organs14.
I agree that there is not an actual reason to return to traditional Lamarckism
, but traditional neo-Darwinism is not what is needed to the explanation and understanding of the evolutionary processes, the only point that seems to go into some kind of neo-Darwinism stuff is his final statement on cultural evolution, is this not memetics?
The destructive nature of Lily's vision arises from the nature of Lamarckism
itself as a mechanism that turns spiritual and cultural phenomena into biological objects, absorbed then transmitted by the body.
One of the significant implications of the shift to 'genomic governmentality' is that 'many of [biology's] former foundational fictions are now in the reliquary beside Lamarckism
, [and] neither life nor sex [are branches] on the same family tree that Darwin borrowed from the Bible to begin with' (Franklin, 2000: 219).
Butler's battle against the social Darwinists was later taken up by George Bernard Shaw, whose preface to Man and Superman (1903) was a manifesto of Lamarckism
and eugenic socialism.
Where he was not original, as in his defense of Lamarckism
, he was mistaken.
But other agencies are at work in developing systems, and one need not make recourse to teleology, vitalism or Lamarckism
to describe them.
The first model suffered a serious setback when the Lamarckian hypothesis of the heredity of acquired characteristics was rejected by biology; this led to the founding of neo-social Darwinism in the form of a Darwinism freed from Lamarckism
Reincarnation, if it occurs on anything like a major scale, is a thinly disguised Lamarckism
Although for the most part deferring to Dobzhansky (1937) on genetics, Mayr in 1942 nonetheless interpreted the patterns in terms of the population genetics of the day (especially Dobzhansky and Wright); and if the genetics seems naive in places, the modern reader will recall that Mayr had been reared on and had embraced Lamarckism
as a student (Mayr 1992a), and was a taxonomist in an age when genetics and taxonomy were mutually almost incomprehensible and quantification in systematics was rudimentary.
In point of fact, this is how historical evolution itself operates, by macro-structural leaps towards higher complexity, whereby the previous structures break, getting into chaos; such a process is initiated when a new function needs to create the new organs which will exert that new function--this is just what the fundamental thesis of Lamarckism
had announced and just what Ervin Laszlo, Ilya Prigogine and Ken Wilber kept on asserting in their well-known thesis of symmetry breaks which represent sudden and holistical leaps in evolution.
In China, according to Yuehtsen Juliette Chung, Lamarckism
was related to optimistic hopes of a progressive evolution, whereas in Soviet Russia, according to Nikolai Krementsov, Lamarckism
was denounced as anti-Marxist, somewhat before genetics was also denounced as fascistic.