References in periodicals archive ?
Ethanol induces hyperprolactinemia by increasing prolactin release and lactotrope growth in female rats.
Prolactin, also known as luteotropin, is a polypeptide hormone produced and secreted by specialized cells in the anterior pituitary called lactotropes.
2004) stated that Pit-1 is an essential for development of somatotrope, lactotrope, and thyrotrope cells in the anterior pituitary and it transactives expression of the genes encoding GH, PRL, and TSH-b.
It is a 31-33-kDa protein and especially synthesized in the anterior pituitary, and also is limited expression level in thyrotropes, sommatotropes and lactotropes (Haugen et al.
Potentiation of prolactin secretion following lactotrope escape from dopamine action.
However, not all kisspeptin positive cells within the pituitary were also LH[beta] positive; therefore, the observed reduction in KiSS-1 mRNA expression may also affect other pituitary cell types, including somatotropes, lactotropes, and gonadotropes that specifically synthesize FSH.
01), with corticotropes = gonadotropes = lactotropes < thyrotropes = somatotropes.
Many degenerating and nondegenerated gonadotropes, somatotropes, and lactotropes showed dilated ER (Figures 3 and 5) and hypertrophic Golgi areas, occasionally with some lightly dense granules inside.
In addition to cellular damage and cell death, we observed dilated ER, hypertrophic Golgi complex, and peripheral localization of secretory granules in the nondegenerated gonadotropes, lactotropes, and somatotrophs in male DEN-treated rats, in association with transient increase in serum prolactin level.