'The take-home message of our study is that a low-calorie lacto-ovo-vegetarian
diet can help patients reduce cardiovascular risk about the same as a low-calorie Mediterranean diet,' said lead author Francesco Sofi, Professor at the University of Florence in Italy.
Five studies focused on vegan diets, 2 on lacto-vegetarian, 10 on lacto-ovo-vegetarian
diets and 15 on mixed types (vegan, lacto, lacto-ovo, pesco and/or semi-vegetarian).
For example, a lacto-ovo-vegetarian
diet might be expected to provide more protein, calcium and phosphorous than a vegan diet.
: Eats both dairy products and eggs.
Lipoproteins and other clinical-chemistry parameters under the conditions of lacto-ovo-vegetarian
Self-reported results showed 7.7 percent were vegan (exclude all animal products), 29.2 percent lacto-ovo-vegetarian
(include dairy products and eggs), 9.9 percent pesco-vegetarian (include seafood), 5.4 percent semi-vegetarian (eat animal products/seafood one or fewer times per week), and 47.7 percent non-vegetarian (eat animal products/seafood more than once per week).
Tom Regan became a lacto-ovo-vegetarian
in the summer of 1972 and transitioned to being a complete vegan shortly thereafter.
eats dairy products and eggs.
Much of what is known about vegetarian diets and related health effects is based on research on lacto-ovo-vegetarian
Researchers behind the Adventist Health Study-2 found that meat eaters had more than twice the prevalence of diabetes compared with lacto-ovo-vegetarians
and vegans -- even after correcting for Body Mass Index.
eat dairy products and eggs, but no red or white meat.