lactase


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to lactase: lactase deficiency, lactate

lactase

 [lak´tās]
β-d-galactosidase; an enzyme in the intestinal mucosa that hydrolyzes lactose, producing glucose and galactose.
lactase deficiency a deficiency of intestinal lactase, which causes abdominal distention and cramping and often diarrhea when milk is drunk. The condition is usually hereditary with an onset between infancy and early adulthood, and is more common in Blacks, American Indians, and East Asians (70 to 90 per cent) than in Whites (10 to 15 per cent). It may also occur secondary to massive small bowel resection or to diseases involving the mucosa, such as celiac disease, Crohn's disease, tropical sprue, and ulcerative colitis.

β-d-ga·lac·to·sid·ase

(gă-lak'tō-sīd'ās),
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose into d-glucose and d-galactose, as well as the hydrolysis of other β-d-galactosides; it also catalyzes galactotransferase reactions; a deficiency of β-d-galactosidase leads to problems in the intestinal digestion of lactose; used in the production of milk products for adults who lack the intestinal enzyme; a defect of one isozyme of β-d-galactosidase is associated with Morquio syndrome type B. Compare: lactase persistence, lactase restriction.
Synonym(s): lactase

lactase

(lăk′tās′)
n.
An enzyme occurring in certain yeasts and in the intestinal juices of mammals and catalyzing the hydrolysis of lactose into glucose and galactose.

GLB1

A gene on chromosome 3p21.33 that encodes beta-galactosidase-1, a lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyses the terminal beta-galactose from gangliosides and other glycoconjugates.

Molecular biology
GLB1 mutations cause GM1-gangliosidosis and mucopolysaccharidosis IV (Morquio B syndrome).

β

Abbreviation for beta.

be·ta

(β) (bā'tă)
1. Second letter of the Greek alphabet.
2. chemistry Denotes the second in a series, the second carbon from a functional (e.g., carboxylic) group, or the direction of a chemical bond toward the viewer. For terms with the prefix β, see the specific term.

lactase

An enzyme that brings about the HYDROLYSIS of LACTOSE to glucose (dextrose) and galactose. Beta-galactosidase.

lactase

an enzyme that splits the disaccharide LACTOSE into galactose and glucose, secreted as part of the intestinal juice by glands in the SMALL INTESTINE wall. Lactase is also produced in ENZYME INDUCTION by bacteria (see OPERON MODEL).
References in periodicals archive ?
Choosing Creative Enzymes's lactase powder can alleviate your cost concerns because they are reasonably priced," said Dr.
Bayless studied patients with milk intolerance and observed that they were deficient in lactase and hence had adverse reactions to milk.
Keywords: Infant, Colic, Excessive crying, Lactose intolerance, Lactase. (JPMA 68: 1744; 2018)
Osteoporosis, Intestinal Lactase Deficiency and Low Dietary Calcium Intake.
If you are lactose intolerant but you enjoy dairy foods, you can try taking lactase enzymes prior to eating foods that contain lactose.
The genetic variant of lactase persistence C(-13910)T as a risk factor for type I and II diabetes in the Finnish population.
Lactase deficiency and lactose malabsorption may lead to lactose intolerance.
An example of this is congenital lactase deficiency, in which there are normal levels of maltase and sucrase with reduced lactase.
Primary lactase deficiency, which may occur when a person reaches adulthood, is common among Blacks, Latinos, and Native Americans (Huether, 2016).
These include intestinal inflammation; deficiency of the digestive enzyme lactase, associated with lactose intolerance; and increased intestinal permeability, sometimes called "leaky gut."
The systems were composed of MsP1, glucose oxidase, and, when necessary, acid lactase.