was the most prevalent cause of hospitalization and antibiotic treatment in pediatric group.
While many iterations of implants were created along the way, the majority of long-term follow-up studies showed that many of these implants developed high complication and reoperation rates, causing the pendulum to eventually swing back toward the LRTI
procedures and the continued search for better treatment options.
Of the 443 infants who were admitted with acute LRTI
during the study period, 358 charts were retrieved, and 309 included in the final analysis, after noting missing charts and exclusions (Fig.
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs
) include a broad array of diseases, including community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), ventilator-associated pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, and tuberculosis (1).
In China, it was found that RSV constituted 18.7% of LRTI
, and RSV infections occurred most commonly in infants (26.5%) and least commonly in children aged 16 years and below (2.8%) (18).
Excellent evidence supports the use of PCT for assisting clinicians in antibiotic management in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI
) including pneumonia, exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, and other assorted infections (bronchitis, asthma exacerbation, etc.).
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI
) is a serious mortality and morbidity reason for children with CHD.
Patients with COPD, valvular heart disease, LRTI
, old myocardial infarction, acute ST elevation, MI thrombolysed with streptokinase prior to PCI and patients with prior CCF were excluded from the study.
Patients with platelets [greater than or equal to] 500 x [10.sup.9]/L N =75 Medical complications n % Atelectasis 9 12.0 Consolidation 9 12.0 Effusion 8 10.6 PE 6 8.0 LRTI
1 1.3 Surgical complications n % Perforation 2 2.6 Leak 9 12.0 Small bowel obstruction 1 1.3 Collection 16 21.3 Ileus 2 2.6 Abscess 1 1.3 Hernia 5 6.6 Patients with platelets < 500 x [10.sup.9]/ p value L N = 120 Medical complications n % Atelectasis 8 6.6 0.25 Consolidation 3 2.5 0.01 Effusion 4 3.3 0.06 PE 3 2.5 0.09 LRTI
3 2.5 1.00 Surgical complications n % Perforation 0 0.0 0.15 Leak 0 0.0 0.00001 Small bowel obstruction 2 1.6 1.00 Collection 1 0.8 0.0001 Ileus 0 0.0 0.15 Abscess 1 0.8 1.00 Hernia 4 3.3 0.31 Table 2: Complication rate according to Clavien-Dindo classification.
The arterial blood gases (ABGs) were normal, and intravenous ceftriaxone and azithromycin were empirically administered for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI
A study of infants in Paarl, South Africa, suggests that antenatal exposure to indoor air pollution and tobacco smoke are the predominant risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI
) and wheezing illnesses in infants.
(5,6) However, lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI
) are still 25-fold more common in the HIV population compared to the general community causing an estimate number of 20-25 episodes per 100 hospitalizations worldwide.