LGV


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LGV

Abbreviation for lymphogranuloma venereum.

LGV

Lymphogranuloma venereum, see there.

lymphogranuloma venereum

(vi-nir'e-um) [ L. venereus, pert. to Venus],

LGV

A sexually transmitted disease, affecting about 300 patients per year in the U.S., caused by Chlamydia species. It has an incubation period of about 3 to 30 days. Its hallmarks are a painless, red erosion on the genitals or rectum, followed 1 to 2 weeks later by inguinal lymph node enlargement (historically called “buboes”). These may cause fistulous tracts or obstruct lymphatic channels if the infection is left untreated. Perirectal lymph nodes may scar and produce late rectal obstruction. Tetracyclines cure the disease in its initial stages but do not resolve complications brought on by scarring or lymphatic obstruction. Synonym: lymphogranuloma inguinale; lymphopathia venereum See: pelvic inflammatory disease; sexually transmitted disease

Symptoms

Because up to 75% of women and 50% of men have no symptoms, patients do not know they have the disease, continue to spread it, and develop more severe infection. Symptomatic patients may develop ulcerating vesicles on the genitals, urethral inflammation, abdominal pain, and swollen lymph nodes in the groin and rectum; men often have swollen testicles. Approx 40% of women develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), leading to chronic pain, infertility, and an increased risk of having a tubal pregnancy.

The CDC recommends that all sexually active women under 20 years old be screened yearly for Chlamydia; sexually active women over 20 with multiple sex partners who do not use condoms also should be screened yearly. The infection is diagnosed using fluorescent anti-Chlamydia antibodies. Women, rather than men, are targeted for screening because of their increased use of health care and the risk of developing PID associated with this disease.

Treatment

The disease can be treated effectively with a 3-week course of doxycycline; erythromycin is used for pregnant women. Recurrent infection is common if barrier contraception is not used during intercourse.

References in periodicals archive ?
(8.) Saxon C, Hughes G, Ison C; UK LGV Case-Finding Group.
The mean plasma concentrations of GH and LGV were positively correlated at 1st (r = 0.76), 2nd (r=0.65) and 3rd year of age (r = 0.72).
These foci enlarge and coalesce to form the typical abscesses of LGV. [2] Epithelioid cells and Langhans-type giant cells line the abscess walls in later stages, and confluence of abscesses with sinus-formation can follow.
During a proctoscopy we found inflamed rectal mucosa with a whitish-yellow discharge, and we decided to treat him as an LGV case.
The LGV licence is divided into two categories: C1 allows you to drive rigid vehicles up to 7.5 tonnes and C allows you to drive rigid vehicles over 7.5 tonnes.
The LGV recoils: so even though it was the smoothest spring rifle on the market at the time, its days were numbered.
Une ceremonie presidee par le directeur general de l'Office national des chemins de fer (ONCF), Mohamed Rabie Khlie, a ete organisee pour presenter les projections animees des conceptions retenues pour la construction des gares de la LGV, en l'occurrence celles de Tanger, de Kenitra et de Casa-Voyageurs.
La tormenta se desato el 1 de julio, cuando el Poder Ejecutivo, con el argumento de que la LGV requiere ser mejorada antes de su promulgacion, la devolvio al Poder Legislativo.
Living three miles down the road from him means we go for a drink at least once a week to catch up.'' Mark Koppel, commercial manager at Allied Bakeries, said: "Richard is one of our longestserving workers and, along with his son Tony, they are two of the most experienced LGV drivers we have."
LGV had backed an pounds 80m management buy-out in July 2004 led by former chief executive Robin Johnson and managing director John Peers.
As 'Persecuted Driver' will see from above, the vehicle in the middle lane of a motorway with a speed restriction of 50mph in force travelling at 47 miles per hour could be in fact travelling 10mph slower than the overtaking vehicle, and if the overtaking vehicle was a LGV or coach it would have nowhere else to go (see point No1 above).
The 52-year-old had obtained a LGV licence by cheating the test and memorising the bottom two lines of an eye exam chart, reported The Bath Chronicle (October 12).