glutamic acid

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Related to L-glutamate: Glutamatergic, l-glutamate dehydrogenase

glutamic acid

a dibasic amino acid, one of the nonessential amino acids; it is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. See also monosodium glutamate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

glu·tam·ic ac·id (E, Glu),

(glū-tam'ik as'id),
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate. Compare: glutamate.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glutamic acid

A nonessential amino acid, C5H9NO4, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins, and having monosodium glutamate as a salt.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

glu·tam·ic ac·id

(E) (glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid that occurs in proteins; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Compare: glutamate
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

glutamic acid

Glutamate, an AMINO ACID present in most proteins. One of its salts, MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE, is widely used as a seasoning and flavouring agent and has been suspected as the cause of the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Glutamic acidclick for a larger image
Fig. 172 Glutamic acid . Molecular structure.

glutamic acid (E, Glu)

one of 20 AMINO ACIDS common in proteins that has an extra carboxyl group and is acidic in solution. See Fig. 172 . The ISOELECTRIC POINT of glutamic acid is 3.2.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

glu·tam·ic acid

(glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Research showed that this change in Ca2+ levels in stem cells was not limited to the response to L-glutamate, but was also observed when these cells became activated in response to other stimuli, including infection and tissue damage.
Prange Jr., "Growth, endocrinological and behavioral deficits after monosodium L-glutamate in the neonatal rat: possible involvement of arcuate dopamine neuron damage," Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol.
Key Words: Glutamate oxidase Hypocrea jecorina Enzyme production L-glutamate Nessler reagent.
Ferrario, "Losartan, nonpeptide angiotensin Il-type 1 ([AT.sub.1]) receptor antagonist, attenuates pressor and sympathoexcitatory responses evoked by angiotensin II and L-glutamate in rostral ventrolateral medulla," Brain Research, vol.
L-glutamate and its ionotropic receptors in the nervous system of cephalopods.
Immunocytochemical localization of L-glutamate decarboxylase, gamma aminobutyric acid transaminase, cysteine-sulfinic acid decarboxylase, aspartate aminotransferase and somatostatin in rat retina.
(2002) A new specific ageusia some humans cannot taste L-glutamate. Chemical Senses, 27(2), 105-115.
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) is the unique enzyme to catalyze the conversion of L-glutamate or its salts to GABA through the single-step a-decarboxylation [14,15].
Corynebacterium glutamicum, was originally used as L-glutamate producing bacterium (Hirasawa et al., 2001; Hwang et al., 2008).
Foods that are naturally high in a compound called "L-glutamate" trigger our "umami" taste receptors.
L-Arg exerts its metabolic roles through the production of diverse metabolites including nitric oxide (NO), L-ornithine (L-Orn), polyamines, L-proline, L-glutamate, creatine and agmatine (Morris, 2004).
Determining the existence of L-glutamate in both clinical and food samples is important.