Kyasanur Forest disease
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Kyasanur Forest disease[ki-ah´sah-no̳r for´est]
a highly fatal viral disease of monkeys in the Kyasanur Forest of India, communicable to humans, in whom it produces a type of hemorrhagic fever.
Ky·as·a·nur For·est dis·ease
an arthropod-borne viral fever affecting forest workers in the Kyasanur Forest and in Mysore, India, caused by a Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae. It is transmitted chiefly by Haemaphysalis spinigera, although other ticks have been implicated. Symptoms include fever, headache, back and limb pains, diarrhea, and intestinal bleeding; no central nervous system symptoms occur.
Vector Haemaphysalis spinigera, a forest tick
Lab Leukopaenia, thrombocytopaenia, albuminuria
Dx Isolation of virus from blood, CF
Prognosis 5-10% mortality
Prevention Vaccine, protective clothing, tick control