Kyasanur Forest disease


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Related to Kyasanur Forest disease: Kyasanur Forest disease virus, KFD

Kyasanur Forest disease

 [ki-ah´sah-no̳r for´est]
a highly fatal viral disease of monkeys in the Kyasanur Forest of India, communicable to humans, in whom it produces a type of hemorrhagic fever.

Ky·as·a·nur For·est dis·ease

an arthropod-borne viral fever affecting forest workers in the Kyasanur Forest and in Mysore, India, caused by a Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae. It is transmitted chiefly by Haemaphysalis spinigera, although other ticks have been implicated. Symptoms include fever, headache, back and limb pains, diarrhea, and intestinal bleeding; no central nervous system symptoms occur.

Kyasanur Forest disease

a flavovirus infection transmitted by the bite of a tick, Haemophysalis spinigera, that is harbored by shrews and other forest animals in western tropical India. Characteristics of the infection include fever, headache, muscle ache, cough, abdominal and eye pain, and photophobia. Treatment is symptomatic. A vaccine is used in India. Also called monkey disease.
A tick-borne flaviviral haemorrhagic fever occurring in the Mysore and Karnataka states of India, maintained by infected monkeys and rodents; those living in wooded farmlands are at increased risk
Vector Haemaphysalis spinigera, a forest tick
Lab Leukopaenia, thrombocytopaenia, albuminuria
Dx Isolation of virus from blood, CF
Prognosis 5-10% mortality
Prevention Vaccine, protective clothing, tick control
Management None

Kyasanur forest disease

An ARBOVIRUS haemorrhagic fever that occurs in Mysore State, India, in the villages around the Kyasanur forest. The disease is caused by a virus of the same group as that causing JAPANESE B ENCEPHALITIS and the infection is transmitted by tick bite. There is sore throat, headache, muscle aches, abdominal pain and diarrhoea and the condition may progress to brain inflammation (ENCEPHALITIS).

Kyasanur Forest disease

a highly fatal flavivirus disease of monkeys in the Kyasanur Forest of India, communicable to humans, in whom it produces hemorrhagic symptoms. See also encephalitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Field evaluation of formalin inactivated Kyasanur Forest disease virus tissue culture vaccine in three districts of Karnataka state.
Kyasanur Forest disease in the human population of Shimoga district, Mysore State, 1959-1966.
Observations on the experimental exposure to the monkeys, rodents and shrews to infestation of ticks in forest of Kyasanur forest disease area.
Isolates of Kyasanur Forest disease virus analyzed, India * ID Original Common no.
The closely related Kyasanur Forest disease virus, which is endemic in certain regions of India, is the only tickborne hemorrhagic fever virus that has been isolated from Ornithodoros spp.
Arboreal monkeys scavenging on the exposed forest floor became infested with Kyasanur Forest disease virus-infected ticks from the undergrowth.
Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus (genus Flavivirus, AHFV) was recently identified as the agent of a viral hemorrhagic fever in Saudi Arabia and characterized serologically and genetically as a variant genotype of Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV).
We found no published reports describing a hemorrhagic disease caused by TBEV, although hemorrhagic manifestation is typical for tick-borne flaviviruses, including Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV), Alkhurma virus, and Kyasanur Forest disease virus (9).