Kussmaul breathing

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Related to Kussmal breathing: Biot's breathing

Kussmaul breathing

Air hunger Clinical medicine Rapid, deep respiration 2º to stimulation of the respiratory center of the brain triggered by ↓ pH, normal during exercise, and common in Pts with severe metabolic acidosis–eg, DKA. See Metabolic acidosis, Diabetes.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


The act of inhaling and exhaling air. See: chest; respiration

abdominodiaphragmatic breathing

A controlled method of breathing in which the diaphragm is used for inspiration and the abdominal muscles for expiration. This technique improves exertional dyspnea, esp. in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Synonym: diaphragmatic breathing

apneustic breathing

An abnormal breathing pattern marked by prolonged inspiration followed by an inspiratory pause. This is usually associated with brainstem injuries.

assisted breathing

Any technique that improves respiration. Such breathing includes the provision of supplemental oxygen, bag-valve-mask ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation, and mouth-to-mouth ventilation.

asthmatic breathing

Harsh breathing with prolonged wheezing heard throughout expiration.

ataxic breathing

An irregular, uncoordinated breathing pattern common in infants.

belly breathing

Abdominal respiration.

Biot breathing

See: Biot breathing

bronchial breathing

Bronchial sounds.

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

See: Cheyne-Stokes respiration

continuous positive-pressure breathing

A method of mechanically assisted pulmonary inflation. A device administers air or oxygen to the lungs under a continuous pressure that is always greater than zero.
Synonym: continuous positive-pressure ventilation

diaphragmatic breathing

Abdominodiaphragmatic breathing.

frog breathing

A respiratory pattern in which the air in the mouth and pharynx is forced into the lungs by gulping and swallowing it. This may be observed in patients whose respiratory muscles are weak or paralyzed.

glossopharyngeal breathing

A technique of breathing in which the patient with inspiratory muscle weakness increases the volume of air breathed in by taking several gulps of air, closing the mouth, and forcing air into the lungs.

high-altitude periodic breathing

Brief episodes of central apnea that occur in hypoxemic environments, esp. in elevations that are 13,000 ft or more above sea level.

inspiratory resistive breathing

Inspiration with an added workload to increase the strength and endurance of the inspiratory muscles.

intermittent positive-pressure breathing

Abbreviation: IPPB
A mechanical method for assisting pulmonary ventilation with a device that administers air or oxygen for the inflation of the lungs under positive pressure. Exhalation is usually passive.
Synonym: intermittent positive-pressure ventilation

Kussmaul breathing

See: Kussmaul, Adolph

mouth breathing

Inhaling and exhaling through the oral cavity instead of the nose. It occurs in people who have abnormal facial bone structure, as well as in individuals with nasal or sinus congestion. It has been associated with and may cause developmental abnormalities of the facial structure, esp. elongation of the facial bones.

periodic breathing

An irregular respiratory pattern marked by alternating periods of rapid and slow respirations and by apneic periods lasting 15 sec or less. It is a commonly observed breathing pattern in neonates and infants and in some individuals having sleep apnea.

pursed-lip breathing

An expiratory maneuver in which the patient exhales through puckered lips to slow expiratory flow and to create slight back pressure. This action may prevent premature closure of intrapulmonary airways, esp. in the patient with chronic obstructive lung disease.

shallow breathing

Breathing in which the volume of inspired and expired air is diminished (e.g., 200 ml per breath in adults). It is common in elderly patients, patients with rib or pleural pain, or restrictive lung diseases.

yogic breathing

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Adolph, German physician, 1822-1902.
Kussmaul aphasia - mutism in psychosis.
Kussmaul breathing
Kussmaul coma - Synonym(s): diabetic coma
Kussmaul disease - segmental inflammation, with infiltration by eosinophils, and necrosis of medium-sized or small arteries. Synonym(s): polyarteritis nodosa
Kussmaul paradoxical pulse
Kussmaul pulse - reduction or disappearance of the pulse during inspiration.
Kussmaul respiration - deep, rapid respiration characteristic of diabetic or other causes of acidosis. Synonym(s): Kussmaul-Kien respiration
Kussmaul sign - in constrictive pericarditis, a paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Synonym(s): Kussmaul symptom
Kussmaul symptom - Synonym(s): Kussmaul sign
Kussmaul-Kien respiration - Synonym(s): Kussmaul respiration
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012