Kupffer cell


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Kupffer cell

(ko͝op′fər)
n.
A macrophage found in the liver. Kupffer cells line the walls of the sinusoids.

Kupffer cell

(koop'fer)
[Karl W. von Kupffer, Ger. anatomist, 1829–1902]
A macrophage of the liver. See: liver
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of kupffer cells in carbon tetrachloride intoxication in mice.
These findings suggest that the phagocytic ability of Kupffer cells is reduced in fat-containing cells compared with normal liver cells.
Morphometric Observations: The details of Numerical density of Kupffer cells on the area (Nak) are summarized in Table 1.
Numerical density of Kupffer cells on the area (Nak)--It expresses the number of Kupffer cells per unit area (per [cm.sup.2]).
The body responds to this increase in endotoxin levels by launching a coordinated immune response, marked by activation of immune cells residing in the liver (i.e., Kupffer cells).
Lanthier, "Targeting Kupffer cells in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: why and how?" World Journal of Hepatology, vol.
Liver macrophages consist of ontogenically distinct populations, namely, the resident Kupffer cells (KCs) and monocyte-derived macrophages (Mo-Mfs).
Thomas, "Surface expression of heterogeneous nuclear RNA binding protein M4 on Kupffer cell relates to its function as a carcinoembryonic antigen receptor," Experimental Cell Research, vol.
Tokar et al., "Leptin is key to peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative stress and Kupffer cell activation in experimental non-alcoholic steatohepatitis," Journal of Hepatology, vol.
The mice were sacrificed, liver tissues were collected and stained with HE (a), and Kupffer cell activation was indicated by the F4/80 IHC (b).
Small Kupffer cell clusters and, rarely, discrete noncaseating granulomas or fibrin-ring granulomas, may be seen in Epstein-Barr virus infection of the liver.
Receptors located on resident immune cells in the liver (i.e., Kupffer cells; see sidebar, "Liver Cell Types and Their Roles in ALD") sense and transmit these immune challenges.