Gerhard, German surgeon, 1902-1972. See: Küntscher nail.
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Kuntscher MV, Kastell T, Engel H, Gebhard MM, Heitmann C, Germann G.
Kuntscher MV, Kastell T, Altman J, Menke H, Gebhard MM, Germann G.
Intramedullary (IM) nails, often called rods, were invented by Gerhard Kuntscher in World War II-era Germany.
Though Kuntscher implanted his first IM nail in 1939, Morgan said the technology did not gain wider acceptance until years after.
Specifically designed Kuntscher nails were made to meet the anterior convexity and the size of the medullary canal of the femora of goats.
This paper reports a rare case of transient radial and axillary nerves palsy related to intraoperative right lateral positioning for Kuntscher intramedullary nail insertion that caused postural cervical traction.
This case report suggested that intraoperative positioning during Kuntscher intramedullary nail insertion can be complicated by traction injury.
We report a rare form of transient upper brachial plexus injury involving both the radial and axillary nerves following intra-operative right lateral positioning for Kuntscher intramedullary nail insertion.
11) By the late 1940s, Kuntscher had begun to abandon use of the V-shaped nail design in favor of another Kuntscher design, the cloverleaf nail.
The use of the Kuntscher nail was first described in the US in a March 12, 1945, Time Magazine article, entitled "Amazing Thighbone.
In 1939, Kuntscher (48) reported IM nailing of STFs, and Arnoff and associates (22) reported good results with IM nails, particularly in STFs non-union.
A variety of nails have been used, including the Kampala or Huckstep nail, the Kuntscher nail, the Russell-Taylor IM nail, the AO femoral nail, the Derby IM nail, the Gross and Kempf nail, the fluted IM rod, the Variwall reconstruction nail, (61) and the Russell Taylor reconstruction nail.