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an alcohol amnestic syndrome characterized by confusion and severe impairment of memory, especially for recent events, for which the patient compensates by confabulation. Typically encountered in patients with long-term alcoholism, delirium tremens may precede the syndrome, and Wernicke syndrome often coexists with it. The precise pathogenesis is uncertain, but direct toxic effects of alcohol are probably less important than severe nutritional deficiencies often associated with chronic alcoholism.
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Korsakoff psychosisKorsakoff syndrome Neurology A condition characterized by impaired memory and cognitive skills–eg, problem solving, learning, fabrication of experiences to bridge brain damage-related memory gaps. See Alcoholic encephalopathy, Wernicke's encephalopathy.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Korsakoff,(Korsakov), Sergei S., Russian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1853-1900.
Korsakoff psychosis - Synonym(s): Korsakoff syndrome
Korsakoff syndrome - an alcohol amnestic syndrome. Synonym(s): amnestic psychosis; amnestic syndrome; dysmnesic psychosis; Korsakoff psychosis; polyneuritic psychosis
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome - see under Wernicke
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012