Klumpke paralysis

(redirected from Klumpke's palsy)

Klump·ke pal·sy

(klūmp'kĕ),
an obstetric palsy with paralysis of the muscles of the distal forearm and hand (all ulnar innervated muscles, plus the more distal radial and median-innervated muscles), caused by a lesion of the lower trunk of the brachial plexus, or of the C8 and T1 cervical roots.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Klump·ke pal·sy

, Klumpke paralysis (klump'kĕ pawl'zē, păr-al'i-sis)
A type of brachial birth palsy in which there is paralysis of the muscles of the distal forearm and hand (all ulnar innervated muscles, plus more distal radial and median-innervated muscles), due to a lesion of the lower trunk of the brachial plexus, or of the C8 and T1 cervical roots.
Synonym(s): Klumpke-Dejerine palsy.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Klumpke paralysis

(kloomp′kē)
[Augusta Déjérine-Klumpke, Fr. neurologist, 1859–1927]
Atrophic paralysis of the forearm.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Dejerine-Klumpke,

Augusta, French neurologist, 1859-1927.
Dejerine-Klumpke palsy - Synonym(s): Klumpke palsy
Dejerine-Klumpke syndrome - Synonym(s): Klumpke palsy
Klumpke palsy - a type of brachial birth palsy in which there is paralysis of the muscles of the distal forearm and hand. Synonym(s): Dejerine-Klumpke palsy; Dejerine-Klumpke syndrome; Klumpke paralysis
Klumpke paralysis - Synonym(s): Klumpke palsy
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
of newborns per 100 shoulder Type of injury with injury dystocias Erb's palsy 60 3 Clavicular fracture 39 1.9 Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy 6 0.3 Klumpke's palsy 4 0.2 Humerus fracture 2 0.1 Neonatal death 0 0 Source: Hoffman, et al.
To this day this deformity of the hand is termed 'Klumpke's palsy'.
Specifically, the Johnsons alleged that during the delivery, excessive downward traction was exerted on Evan's head while his shoulders were impacted, resulting in a shoulder dystocia causing Evan to suffer from Erb's and Klumpke's palsy. The Johnsons amended their complaint to correct some factual allegations and dismissed Dr.
Other terms commonly used to describe brachial plexus injuries include: Erb's Palsy (upper trunk injury); Klumpke's Palsy (lower trunk injury); Brachial Plexus Palsy; Erb-Duchenne Palsy; Homer's Syndrome (when facial nerves are also affected); and "Burners" or "Stingers" (usually associated with sports-related brachial plexus injuries).
This is known as Klumpke's palsy. Horner's syndrome, symptoms of which include a drooping eyelid, may be present with Klumpke's palsy on the affected side due to the involvement of the sympathetic nerve fibers that traverse T1.(6)
Brachial plexus injuries are classically defined as Erb's palsy--involving C5 and C6 nerve roots--or Klumpke's palsy, in which there is damage to the C8 and T1 nerve roots.
Damage to the lower plexus (C8 to T1) is known as Klumpke's palsy. Total plexus injury--extensive trauma often affecting the face as well as the arms and hands--can also occur.(2)
Klumpke's palsy. Isolated injury to the C8 nerve and T1 root occurs infrequently and manifests as isolated hand paralysis and Horner's syndrome.
In this study, if one excludes the 41 cases of bone fracture (either clavicular or humeral) that occurred, which will heal without long-term sequelae, the rate of injury (i.e., neonatal peripheral nerve injury) was just 3%--60 cases of Erb's palsy and four cases of Klumpke's palsy among 2,018 cases of shoulder dystocia.