is the theft of a resource (i.e., the gall) by another organism that can be initiated by the abandonment of a gall or death of the gall inducer (Mound & Morris 2000).
Trump, who continues to enrich himself by shredding the emolument clause and who uses this polarization in our national discourse to maintain power, as he, his family, and cronies practice kleptoparasitism
, the art of stealing food and money from others.
Furthermore, the frigatebird presents the peculiar kleptoparasitism
behavior [3, 30], which consists in obtaining part of their food from the regurgitate of other seabirds pursued by them.
Incidence of nest material kleptoparasitism
involving Cerulean Warblers.
Anders Nilsson and Christer Bronmark noted in a 1999 study that the risk of cannibalism and kleptoparasitism
(one pike stealing another pike's meal) varies with density and size structure of pike populations.
High hunting costs make African wild dogs vulnerable to kleptoparasitism
by hyaenas.--Nature 391: 479-481.
Reader, "Strong interactions between species of phytophagous fly: A case of intraguild kleptoparasitism
," Oikos, vol.
In other areas, the positive relationship between gull numbers and diving ducks in foraging flocks is apparently explained by both commensalism and kleptoparasitism
(Marchowski and others 2015).
There's predation, and there's so-called kleptoparasitism
(when one animal takes food from another animal, like a pack of hyenas stealing a fresh kill from a lion).
Ishida (2004) observed group-attacking behavior in three muricid species and defined this as a kind of kleptoparasitism
that saves drilling costs and Abe (1993) defined a similar situation as a robbery.
Thieves in the night: kleptoparasitism
by fireflies in the genus Photuris dejean (Coleoptera: Lampyridae).
That includes the kleptoparasitism
of certain gulls and frigate birds, who will cunningly steal meals from other birds, even nestlings.