Etymology: Christian Kielland, Norwegian obstetrician, 1871-1941
an obstetric procedure in which Kielland's forceps are used in turning the head of the fetus from an occiput posterior or occiput transverse position to an occiput anterior position. It is performed most commonly to correct an arrest in the active stage of labor. The rotation is done at the midplane of the pelvis. Because it is associated with increased harm to the mother and to the baby, cesarean section is often preferred instead. See also forceps delivery, obstetric forceps.