g ketones, glucose, ketoacids
, ferric chloride, sulfites and nitrites.
2) Excess production of acids, eg ketoacids
formed during starvation, alcohol abuse, or in poorly controlled diabetes; and lactic acid in shock.
4]+ excretion by the urine AG is unreliable when the urine contains significant amounts of bicarbonate or unusual anions, such as ketoacids
or drugs, including penicillin or salicylate.
Marie Constance Graham from Minera, died at her home from diabetic acidosis - dangerously high sugar levels and ketoacids
in the blood.
Other potential anions include ketoacids
([beta]-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate), which are observed in diabetic or alcoholic ketoacidosis, and formic and oxalic acid (observed in methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning, respectively).
The use of ornithine salts of branched-chain ketoacids
in portal-systemic encephalopathy.
Alcohol consumption has multiple mechanisms by which it can raise serum urate, including the generation and turnover of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), diuresis and dehydration, the production of lactic and ketoacids
, and the content of purines in some alcoholic beverages.
Glucose-deprived cells shift to an alternative form of metabolism that channels huge amounts of ketoacids
into the blood (Huether, 2002).
Kawamura K, Kasukabe H, Barrie L (1996) Source and reaction pathway of dicarboxylic acids, ketoacids
and dicarbonyls in Artic aerosols: One year of observation.
These are caused by methyl ketones produced from the thermal degradation of ketoacids
in milkfat triglycerides and by different sulfur compounds.
Elevated leucine levels cause a precipitate of ketoacids
when the compound is mixed with an equal amount of urine.
The breakdown of fat leads to the production of ketones, or ketoacids
, as byproducts.