keto acid

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carboxylic acid

 [kahr-bok-sil´ik]
an organic compound containing the carboxy group (-COOH), which is weakly ionized in solution forming a carboxylate ion (-COO).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ke·to ac·id

(kē'tō as'id),
An acid containing a ketone group (-CO-) in addition to the acid group(s); α-keto acid refers to a 2-oxo acid (for example, pyruvic acid); β-keto acid refers to a 3-oxo acid (for example, acetoacetic acid), etc.
Synonym(s): oxo acid
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ke·to ac·id

(kē'tō as'id)
An acid containing a ketone group (-CO-) in addition to the acid group(s).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Veech, "Ketoacids? Good medicine?," Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, vol.
Consistent with this assessment, catabolism of branched chain ketoacids by branched chain ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) in mitochondria results in substantial production of damaging superoxide radical [104].
Kawamura, 2010: Size distributions of dicarboxylic acids, ketoacids, a-dicarbonyls, sugars, WSOC, OC, EC and inorganic ions in atmospheric particles over northern Japan: Implication for long-range transport of Siberian biomass burning and East Asian polluted aerosols.
Though the ketoacids are excreted but are rapidly reabsorbed and cause high anion gap10.
This suggests the active trans-deamination of amino acids for the incorporation of ketoacids into the Krebs cycle in order to release the energy required for the synthesis of new proteins (Sivaramakrishna and Radhakrishnaiah 1998).
In the cerebrovascular endothelium, monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (Mct1) controls blood-brain transport of short chain monocarboxylic acids such as L-lactate, acetate, pyruvate, ketone bodies, acetoacetate and [beta]-hydroxybutyrate monocarboxylic and ketoacids to support energy metabolism and play potential role in treating brain diseases (Table 2) [66].
Yamazaki, "Water-soluble dicarboxylic acids, ketoacids and dicarbonyls in the atmospheric aerosols over the Southern Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean," Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.
A combination of 20-25 tests, collectively referred to as Urine metabolic screening tests (MRST ) was performed to screen for various metabolites in urine e.g ketones, glucose, ketoacids, ferric chloride, sulfites and nitrites.
2) Excess production of acids, eg ketoacids formed during starvation, alcohol abuse, or in poorly controlled diabetes; and lactic acid in shock.
(2) Estimation of N[H.sub.4]+ excretion by the urine AG is unreliable when the urine contains significant amounts of bicarbonate or unusual anions, such as ketoacids or drugs, including penicillin or salicylate.
Marie Constance Graham from Minera, died at her home from diabetic acidosis - dangerously high sugar levels and ketoacids in the blood.