keto acid

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carboxylic acid

an organic compound containing the carboxy group (-COOH), which is weakly ionized in solution forming a carboxylate ion (-COO).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ke·to ac·id

(kē'tō as'id),
An acid containing a ketone group (-CO-) in addition to the acid group(s); α-keto acid refers to a 2-oxo acid (for example, pyruvic acid); β-keto acid refers to a 3-oxo acid (for example, acetoacetic acid), etc.
Synonym(s): oxo acid
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ke·to ac·id

(kē'tō as'id)
An acid containing a ketone group (-CO-) in addition to the acid group(s).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Some solutions include drinking large amounts of water to flush the keto acids from the body or chewing fresh parsley.
Effects of standard ileal digestible (SID) valine:lysine ratio on plasma branched/chain keto acids of weaned piglets ([micro]mol/L) Items SID valine:lysine ratio SEM (%) 50 60 70 80 Number of piglets (1) 5 5 5 6 -- [alpha]-keto isocaproate 27.7 30.4 26.6 23.3 2.15 [alpha]-keto isovalerate 2.4 5.4 6.6 8.5 0.49 [alpha]-keto-[beta]-methylvalerate 13.7 16.1 15.4 14.9 1.34 Items p-value Treatment Linear Quadratic Number of piglets (1) -- -- -- [alpha]-keto isocaproate 0.15 0.09 0.17 [alpha]-keto isovalerate <0.01 <0.01 0.16 [alpha]-keto-[beta]-methylvalerate 0.63 0.61 0.28 SEM, standard error of the mean.
The choice of derivatizing reagent which should convert polar keto acids to nonpolar compounds for reproducible elution separation and determination from reversed phase HPLC.
guaymasensis and most likely all [beta]-keto acid ferredoxin oxidoreductases (KORs) can catalyze the nonoxidative decarboxylation of keto acids to produce corresponding aldehydes [6, 9].
Blood sample (5 ml) collected from the diabetic patient was treated as determination of a- Keto acids from Serum.
Gas chromatography of branched-chain keto acids analyzed as their silylated oxime derivatives.
In fact, a previous study demonstrated its usefulness in improving precision of keto acids analysis (2).
Transamination of leucine results in the formation of the branched chain keto acid, [alpha]-ketoisocaproate ([alpha]-KIC).
One would expect that if 4-HPP was present in the tissues, reduction of a considerable amount of keto acid to 4-HPL by lactic acid dehydrogenase (11) and/or aromatic [alpha]-keto acid reductase (12,13) would take place.
Depleted tissue stores of TPP and thiamin deficiency are interconnected, and in animal studies thiamin deficiency is correlated with large reductions in the level of mitochondrial, plasma and liver TPP, resulting in a major influence on the activities of the keto acid dehydrogenase complexes.