The Kawa Model has been heralded as an innovative and exciting occupational therapy model.
The Kawa Model offers a unique, occupation-focused, person-centred, holistic, recovery-based, and culturally responsive way of working with service users.
The Kawa Model differs from these traditional occupational therapy models as culture is its primary focus.
Michael Iwama and colleagues developed the Kawa Model from an underlying ontology and philosophy that originates from a Japanese social and cultural milieu (Iwama, 2006a).
The concept of harmony, a "state of individual or collective being in which the subject, be it self or community, is in balance with the context that it is a part of is central to the Kawa model (Iwama, Thomson, & MacDonald, 2009, p.
A review of published literature pertaining to the Kawa Model in practice
This situation is exactly what led to the development of the Kawa Model (Iwama, 2006) which came about because a group of Japanese occupational therapists explained their inability to understand the notion of 'self' in the Model of Human Occupation.
Jesse attends the 2006 New Zealand Association of Occupational Therapists National Conference where she hears Michael Iwama speak about the Kawa Model (Iwama, 2006).
Feeling more confident, Jesse takes these ideas back to the Kawa Model site--and discovers that Michael has set up a Skypp' conference for the next week.
They contribute some ideas that Jesse then puts into her folder ready for when she leads the next Kawa Model discussion.
Buoyed by her new knowledge, and the interest shown by others at the conference, Jesse talks with NZAOT to set up a mailing list that focuses on the Kawa Model.
This gets published in the New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy, and with the agreement of the editor, a copy of the article is also posted to a number of sites including the Kawa Model website, with a link to the journal website advertising the journal.