Karnofsky Index


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Karnofsky Index

(kar'nof-ske)
[D. A. Karnofsky, U.S. oncologist, 1914–1969]
A tool to estimate clinically a patient's physical state, performance, and prognosis. The scale is from 100%, perfectly well and active, to 0%, completely inactive, or dead. It has been used in studying cancer and chronic illness. Lower Karnofsky scores are generally associated with poorer treatment response and prognosis. Synonym: Karnofsky Scale See: table
100%Normal, no complaints; no evidence of disease
90%Able to carry on normal activity; minor signs or symptoms of disease
80%Normal activity with effort, some signs or symptoms of disease
70%Cares for self; unable to carry on normal activity or do active work
60%Requires occasional assistance, but is able to care for most personal needs
50%Requires considerable assistance and frequent medical care
40%Disabled; requires special care and assistance
30%Severely disabled; hospitalization is indicated, although death not imminent
20%Very sick; hospitalization is necessary; active supportive treatment is required
10%Terminally ill; fatal processes progressing rapidly
0%Dead

Karnofsky,

D.A., 20th century U.S. physician.
Karnofsky index
Karnofsky scale - a performance scale used to evaluate a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure.
Karnofsky score
References in periodicals archive ?
More recent studies have used the Karnofsky index to predict outcomes.
Baseline demographic data, Karnofsky index for performance status (KPS) and stage distribution of patients recruited in the trial were typical of this disease, and in-line with published epidemiological studies.