The Norwegian nationals, most of them former addicts and ex-convicts who later became ardent followers of Yoga, took up the challenge as part of their 'Karmayoga
' in view of the sorry state of civic amenities for Mumbai women, especially those who commute long distances and hours from home to work daily.
The three yogas or alternate paths that Gita identifies are jnanayoga (path of knowledge), karmayoga
(path of action), and bhakti yoga (path of devotion).
We have also sought for an official ban on manual scavenging and an end to the policy of giving jobs on contract." It is interesting to note that Modi has been defending the manual scavenging work as a spiritual experience for the Valmikis in his book Karmayoga
. This book seems to have been withdrawn after the criticism was aired by many activists.
In Buddhist/Hindu philosophy, there are three types of actions: karmayoga
, samkhyayoga, and bhaktiyoga.
In other words, whether there can be sancharyoga, just like jnanayoga, karmayoga
As expounded in the Bhagavad Gita, the main three systems of Yoga are known as Karmayoga
(Yoga through work), Bhaktiyoga (Yoga through devotion), and Jnanayoga (Yoga through knowledge).
And, despite numerous passages where he stresses that the combination of knowledge and action--jnanakarmasamuccaya--is not the means of liberation, Sankara allows, in his Bhagavad Gita commentary, that Janaka and others attained liberation somehow "through action" (BhGiBh 3.20); in general, he embraces the karmayoga
propounded in the Gita as a valid path.
This is the positive aspect of what the Gita calls "integral action" (karmayoga
) and "total renunciation" (samnyasa) (3.9, 6.1, 18.2).