Landsteiner, Karl

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Landsteiner, Karl

(1868–1943) Austrian pathologist who spent a lifetime working on human blood groups. In 1901 he found that all humans could be divided into one of four ABO BLOOD GROUPS. In 1928 he and Philip Levine discovered another set of blood antigens which came to be called the MN group and in 1940 Landsteiner and Weiner found the Rhesus factor (see RHESUS BLOOD GROUP), important in haemolytic disease of the newborn (see RHESUS HAEMOLYTIC ANAEMIA).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Landsteiner,

Karl, Austrian-U.S. pathologist and Nobel laureate, 1868-1943.
Donath-Landsteiner cold autoantibody - see under Donath
Donath-Landsteiner phenomenon - see under Donath
Landsteiner-Donath test
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences (KL) is a pioneer for innovation in medical and health sciences education and research, and a catalyst for groundbreaking work which will benefit society at large.
A major complication, incompatible blood being destroyed in the recipient's circulation, often with shock or even death, was shown by Karl Landsteiner in 1900 to be due to the presence of complex agglutinating substances.
The discovery of the ABO blood groups by Karl Landsteiner was an important achievement in the history of blood transfusion followed by discovery of Rh(D) antigen1,2.
I do it because I like to know a bank of blood would be available if I needed it." World Blood Donor Day takes place annually on June 14 to celebrate the birth of Karl Landsteiner, the Nobel Prize winner who discovered the ABO blood group system.
For general readers, Woodward, a businessperson and writer interested in science, describes the work of 10 scientists from around the world who have saved the most lives in the twentieth century, some of whom are still living: ophthalmologist Al Sommer, who discovered the importance of Vitamin A supplements; Akira Endo, who discovered statin drugs to lower cholesterol; Bill Foege, who helped eradicate smallpox; David Nalin, who developed oral rehydration therapy; Norman Borlaug, who developed new strains of wheat; and John Enders, Paul Muller, Howard Florey, Frederick Banting, and Karl Landsteiner, who discovered the polio and measles vaccines, DDT, penicillin, insulin, and blood groups, respectively.
Doctors had experimented with blood transfusions between patients for centuries, but it wasn't until 1901 that Viennese scientist Karl Landsteiner discovered that human blood comes in different types--later classified as A, B, AB, and O--and that the corpuscles would clump together, often fatally, when transfused into a patient with an incompatible blood type (except for type O, which didn't react negatively with the others).
The transfusion medicine has come a long way from the landmark discovery of ABO blood group system by Karl Landsteiner in 1900 in which he described the reactions between the red cells and serum of 22 subjects (1).
WBDD is celebrated on the birthday of Karl Landsteiner, the Nobel prizewinner who discovered the ABO blood group system.
For more than forty years, Karl Landsteiner had blood on his mind.
Group O is the most common n Differing types of blood were only discovered in 1900 by Dr Karl Landsteiner, who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery.