Family: A study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness.
One of the most publicized genealogies, the Kallikak
Study by Goddard (1866-1957), documented and popularized "theses that crime, pauperism, prostitution, and alcoholism are attributable to heredity, with mental retardation being the principle factor" (Winzer 1993, 290).
Far from the infamous Jukes and Kallikak
families of eugenic lore, which supposedly kept breeding profusely, patients who suffered from degeneracy were mostly infertile.
In certain families such as the Juke or Kallikak
family it is proved that criminal or degenerate parents produce degenerate offspring.
La manipulacion de la fotografia de Ostwall, o la denuncia de Stephen Jay Gould sobre la manipulacion de las fotografias en las que aparecen deficientes mentales, con el fin de que su aspecto resulte mas siniestro, en el libro del eugenista Henri Gooddard, The Kallikak
Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness (1912), son ejemplos de lo que estamos diciendo (8).
See West, Darwin Day in America, 123-62, which includes a review of the so-called Kallikak
family who are also cited in Hunter's textbook as a feeble-minded lineage on p.
48) See ARTHUR MACDONALD, JUVENILE CRIME AND REFORMATION: INCLUDING STIGMATA OF DEGENERATION 294 (1908); see also HENRY HERBERT GODDARD, THE KALLIKAK
FAMILY: A STUDY IN THE HEREDITY OF FEEBLE-MINDEDNESS 54 (1912) ("The best material out of which to make criminals, and perhaps the material from which they are most frequently made, is feeble-mindedness.
For the chapter on the United States, Henry Bowditch's composite photographs, the vast collection of the American Eugenics Records Office, the work of Charles Davenport, and Henry Goddard's study of the Kallikak
family provide a solid demonstration of the critical role photography played for the American eugenicists.
When the writer entered what many consider his greatest phase in 1925, Lothrop Stoddard's apocalypse-tinged study of race, The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy, had been in print for five years; Henry Goddard's notorious Kallikak
family history was twelve years old; and some states had been forcibly sterilizing handicapped individuals for as many as eighteen years.
Goddard's seminal text, The Kallikak
Family, a Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness, which argued that one ill-considered mating could produce a burgeoning line of degenerates whose number increased exponentially with each generation.
Fancher (1985) before him, has focused (possibly because of lack of space) on the works that made Goddard famous and then infamous such as 'The Kallikak
family,' and on Goddard's links with other eugenicists.
Before Goddard's involvement, immigration officers rejected immigrants they suspected of being "mentally defective" on the basis of visual inspections, a notion that Goddard had partially repudiated in The Kallikak